Bioresource Technology 249 (2018) 1044–1051 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Bioresource Technology journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/biortech Review A review on moringa tree and vetiver grass – Potential bioreﬁnery feedstocks Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman, Catarina M. Alves, Edgard Gnansounou Bioenergy and Energy Planning Research Group, EPFL, Switzerland GR APHICAL A BSTRACT ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Plants and derivatives have been explored for unlimited purposes by mankind, from crop cultivation for pro- Bioenergy viding food and animal feed, to the use for cosmetics, therapeutics and energy. Moringa tree and vetiver grass Bioreﬁnery features, capabilities and applications were explored through a literature review. The suitability of these plants Food for the bioenergy industry products is evidenced, namely for bioethanol, biogas and biodiesel, given the lig- Moringa nocellulosic biomass content of these plants and characteristics of moringa seed oil. In addition, moringa leaves Sustainable agriculture and pods are an important source for food and animal feed industries due to their high nutrient value. Thus, the Vetiver co-cultivation of moringa and vetiver could provide energy and food security, and contribute to more sustainable agricultural practices and for the development of rural areas. Policymakers, institutions and scientiﬁc commu- nity must engage to promote the cultivation of
Bioresource Technology – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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