A reusable adsorbent polyethylenimine/polyvinyl chloride crosslinked fiber for Pd(II) recovery from acidic solutions

A reusable adsorbent polyethylenimine/polyvinyl chloride crosslinked fiber for Pd(II) recovery... In this study, a mixture of polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was reacted at 80 °C for 6 h to synthesize crosslinked PEI/PVC polymer solution, which was injected to produce the PEI/PVC-crosslinked fiber (PEI/PVC-CF). PEI/PVC-CF was investigated as an adsorbent to remove and recover Pd(II) from acidic solutions. In order to examine the adsorption characteristics and usability of PEI/PVC-CF for Pd(II) recycling, several experiments such as isotherm, kinetics, desorption and reuse were conducted. The adsorption isotherms were fitted using the Langmuir and Freundlich models, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity was estimated as 146.03 mg/g according to the Langmuir model. The kinetic experiments demonstrated that adsorbent reaches adsorption equilibrium within 60 min for initial Pd(II) concentrations of 25–100 mg/L. After adsorption, Pd(II) on PEI/PVC-CF was easily desorbed using acidified thiourea solution, and the desorption efficiency increased with the thiourea concentration. It was also demonstrated that PEI/PVC-CF can be used repeatedly for at least five cycles without reduction in adsorption capacity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Environmental Management Elsevier

A reusable adsorbent polyethylenimine/polyvinyl chloride crosslinked fiber for Pd(II) recovery from acidic solutions

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/a-reusable-adsorbent-polyethylenimine-polyvinyl-chloride-crosslinked-GGmhdvymI0
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0301-4797
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.08.047
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, a mixture of polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was reacted at 80 °C for 6 h to synthesize crosslinked PEI/PVC polymer solution, which was injected to produce the PEI/PVC-crosslinked fiber (PEI/PVC-CF). PEI/PVC-CF was investigated as an adsorbent to remove and recover Pd(II) from acidic solutions. In order to examine the adsorption characteristics and usability of PEI/PVC-CF for Pd(II) recycling, several experiments such as isotherm, kinetics, desorption and reuse were conducted. The adsorption isotherms were fitted using the Langmuir and Freundlich models, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity was estimated as 146.03 mg/g according to the Langmuir model. The kinetic experiments demonstrated that adsorbent reaches adsorption equilibrium within 60 min for initial Pd(II) concentrations of 25–100 mg/L. After adsorption, Pd(II) on PEI/PVC-CF was easily desorbed using acidified thiourea solution, and the desorption efficiency increased with the thiourea concentration. It was also demonstrated that PEI/PVC-CF can be used repeatedly for at least five cycles without reduction in adsorption capacity.

Journal

Journal of Environmental ManagementElsevier

Published: Dec 15, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off