In this study, a mixture of polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was reacted at 80 °C for 6 h to synthesize crosslinked PEI/PVC polymer solution, which was injected to produce the PEI/PVC-crosslinked fiber (PEI/PVC-CF). PEI/PVC-CF was investigated as an adsorbent to remove and recover Pd(II) from acidic solutions. In order to examine the adsorption characteristics and usability of PEI/PVC-CF for Pd(II) recycling, several experiments such as isotherm, kinetics, desorption and reuse were conducted. The adsorption isotherms were fitted using the Langmuir and Freundlich models, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity was estimated as 146.03 mg/g according to the Langmuir model. The kinetic experiments demonstrated that adsorbent reaches adsorption equilibrium within 60 min for initial Pd(II) concentrations of 25–100 mg/L. After adsorption, Pd(II) on PEI/PVC-CF was easily desorbed using acidified thiourea solution, and the desorption efficiency increased with the thiourea concentration. It was also demonstrated that PEI/PVC-CF can be used repeatedly for at least five cycles without reduction in adsorption capacity.
Journal of Environmental Management – Elsevier
Published: Dec 15, 2017
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