The mechanisms of extreme Al-resistance in Urochloa decumbens are not established. Full resistance expression requires a lag time of 72–96h and is preceded by a sensitive phase (24–48h) with Al-induced root growth inhibition. The aim here was to identify key processes of the activation phase of Al-resistance analysing both root exudates and comparative root proteome. Samples were taken after 0, 24 and 96h exposure to 0 or 200μM Al. Al-induced stimulation of citrate and oxalate efflux was limited to the sensitive phase. Only 11 proteins revealed Al-induced abundance differences; six were identified. After 24h, phenylalanine ammonium lyase (PAL), methionine synthase (MS), and deoxymugineic acid synthase (DMAS) decreased, while acid phosphatase (APase) abundance increased. Coincident with growth recovering, PAL and MS, but not DMAS, returned to initial levels. After 96h, γ‑carbonic anhydrase (γ‑CA) and adenylate kinase (AK) along with two unidentified proteins were more abundant. In conclusion, few protein changes characterize the initial response to Al in signalgrass. During the alarm phase, changes are related to P-mobilization, downregulation of Fe-acquisition, reduction of phenolic biosynthesis, and small stimulation of organic acid exudation. After recovering (resistant phase), biosynthesis of phenolics and methionine, but not Fe-mobilization are re-established. Full expression of Al-resistance is characterized by enhanced γ‑CA mediating mitochondrial complex I assembly and increased AK abundance indicating higher root respiration and better provision of ADP and Mg2+ to ATP synthase, respectively. The unidentified proteins and the specific role of γ‑CA in Al resistance of U. decumbens will centre future research.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera