A novel technique for determination of the fructose, glucose and sucrose distribution in nectar from orchids by HPLC-ELSD

A novel technique for determination of the fructose, glucose and sucrose distribution in nectar... The dominant components in floral nectar is fructose, glucose and sucrose. The concentration and the ratio between the sugars are indicative for plant species and play an important part in the interplay between plants and pollinators. In this paper we present a novel HPLC-ELSD based analytical method for sugar characterization of nectar from orchids. Nectar was collected on Whatman No. 1 paper and preserved in the field by 70 v/v% ethanol. The analytical method had a linear range up to at least 3000 mg L−1 for all 3 sugars with a precision of 1.5–1.7%. Correlation coefficients were 0.9999 to 1.0000. The LOD of all sugars were 5–7 mg L−1 and the LOQ were 17–19 mg L−1. Field samples were stable for min. 7 weeks at −18 °C. The technique was applied to two species of Platanthera (Orchidaceae) in order to test whether species-related differences in sugar composition could be observed. No differences were found between the two species, which were sucrose-dominant (53.5–100%) though with high variation within species and between individual flowers. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Chromatography B Elsevier

A novel technique for determination of the fructose, glucose and sucrose distribution in nectar from orchids by HPLC-ELSD

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
1570-0232
eISSN
1873-376X
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.02.019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The dominant components in floral nectar is fructose, glucose and sucrose. The concentration and the ratio between the sugars are indicative for plant species and play an important part in the interplay between plants and pollinators. In this paper we present a novel HPLC-ELSD based analytical method for sugar characterization of nectar from orchids. Nectar was collected on Whatman No. 1 paper and preserved in the field by 70 v/v% ethanol. The analytical method had a linear range up to at least 3000 mg L−1 for all 3 sugars with a precision of 1.5–1.7%. Correlation coefficients were 0.9999 to 1.0000. The LOD of all sugars were 5–7 mg L−1 and the LOQ were 17–19 mg L−1. Field samples were stable for min. 7 weeks at −18 °C. The technique was applied to two species of Platanthera (Orchidaceae) in order to test whether species-related differences in sugar composition could be observed. No differences were found between the two species, which were sucrose-dominant (53.5–100%) though with high variation within species and between individual flowers.

Journal

Journal of Chromatography BElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

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