For the purpose to fully reutilize wastewater originated in second-generation bioethanol production from corn stover, a novel closed-circuit circulation system of integrated ethanol-methane fermentation process was successfully established based on the subcritical water pretreatment, in which the wastewater was fully recycled for 20 batches. It was indicated that the pH of recycling liquid decreased with the increasing of cycle numbers, which led to the constant enhancement of the pretreatment efficiency as approximately 60% hemicellulose and 50% lignin degradation as well as more than 80% cellulose reserved. Meanwhile, the performance of both ethanol (2.76–6.94 g/L) and methane (382.56–2631.24 mL/L) fermentation reached stability and trended to be self-improved during the 20 batches, which indicated that the designed integrated process was stable and applicable. Furthermore, the variety of microbial community and other processes showed intimate correlation with the physiochemical properties of the recycling liquid. It was promising to apply the system in bioenergy industries to fully reutilize of the wastewater in the future.
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: Apr 10, 2018
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