A numerical simulation of the motion of spherical, surface charge-free, monodisperse polystyrene particles having dimensionless relaxation times, τ + , ranging from 0.1 to 50 was performed in a fully turbulent channel flow with a friction velocity of 60 cm/s. The motion of the particles is governed by the modified Maxey-Riley equation which includes the wall-corrected Stokes drag force, the wall-induced and shear-induced lift force, and the Brownian random force. The nonlinear drag correction, particle-particle collisions and the feedback effect of the particles on the fluid were not considered because the particles are small and assumed to be very dilute in the flow field. The particle deposition rates were obtained for both monodisperse and log-normally distributed polydisperse particles. It was observed that, for a given τ + , the deposition rate depends strongly on particle polydispersity. Monodisperse particles always have the lowest deposition rate if compared with polydisperse particles. The deposition rate can be increased by three orders of magnitude when the particles' geometric standard deviation, σ, increases from 0 to 0.45. For particles with the same σ, the deposition rate can be higher if one determines it by weighing the deposited particle mass instead of counting the deposited particle numbers. It was also observed that, for a given particle density and flow field, there is a minimum deposition point which takes place at τ + ≈ 1 for polystyrene particles. This minimum deposition point will shift to a lower τ + value as the particles' polydispersity increases. Because of the strong dependence of deposition rate on particle polydispersity, it is crucial to correlate deposition rate with both τ + and σ.
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 1995
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