Graphene oxide (GO) possesses versatile applicability and high hydrophilicity, thus may have frequent contact with aquatic organisms. However, the ecological risks of GO in aquatic ecosystems remain largely unexplored currently. This study evaluated the comprehensive toxicological effects of GO on Daphnia magna, a key species in fresh water ecosystem. The results revealed nonsevere acute toxicities, including immobility (72 h EC50: 44.3 mg/L) and mortality (72 h LC50: 45.4 mg/L), of GO on D. magna. To understand the underlying mechanism of GO exposure, changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of D. magna exposed to GO were correlated, which revealed elevated GO-mediated oxidative stress and damages, especially in the long-time and high-dose exposure groups. The observations of in vivo fluorescence labeled with 2′, 7′-dichlorofluorescin further demonstrated that reactive oxygen species were concentrated in daphnia guts, which corresponded with the high bioaccumulation level (5 mg/L, 24 h body burden: 107.9 g/kg) of GO in daphnia guts. However, depuration of GO from daphnia was not difficult. Daphnia almost released all GO within 24 h after it was transferred to clean water. These results hence suggest that GO could accumulate and induce significant oxidative stress in the gut of D. magna, while D. daphnia can also relieve the acute toxicity by depurating GO.
Environmental Pollution – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera