A mechanism study on toxicity of graphene oxide to Daphnia magna: Direct link between bioaccumulation and oxidative stress

A mechanism study on toxicity of graphene oxide to Daphnia magna: Direct link between... Graphene oxide (GO) possesses versatile applicability and high hydrophilicity, thus may have frequent contact with aquatic organisms. However, the ecological risks of GO in aquatic ecosystems remain largely unexplored currently. This study evaluated the comprehensive toxicological effects of GO on Daphnia magna, a key species in fresh water ecosystem. The results revealed nonsevere acute toxicities, including immobility (72 h EC50: 44.3 mg/L) and mortality (72 h LC50: 45.4 mg/L), of GO on D. magna. To understand the underlying mechanism of GO exposure, changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of D. magna exposed to GO were correlated, which revealed elevated GO-mediated oxidative stress and damages, especially in the long-time and high-dose exposure groups. The observations of in vivo fluorescence labeled with 2′, 7′-dichlorofluorescin further demonstrated that reactive oxygen species were concentrated in daphnia guts, which corresponded with the high bioaccumulation level (5 mg/L, 24 h body burden: 107.9 g/kg) of GO in daphnia guts. However, depuration of GO from daphnia was not difficult. Daphnia almost released all GO within 24 h after it was transferred to clean water. These results hence suggest that GO could accumulate and induce significant oxidative stress in the gut of D. magna, while D. daphnia can also relieve the acute toxicity by depurating GO. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Pollution Elsevier

A mechanism study on toxicity of graphene oxide to Daphnia magna: Direct link between bioaccumulation and oxidative stress

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0269-7491
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.12.034
Publisher site
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Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) possesses versatile applicability and high hydrophilicity, thus may have frequent contact with aquatic organisms. However, the ecological risks of GO in aquatic ecosystems remain largely unexplored currently. This study evaluated the comprehensive toxicological effects of GO on Daphnia magna, a key species in fresh water ecosystem. The results revealed nonsevere acute toxicities, including immobility (72 h EC50: 44.3 mg/L) and mortality (72 h LC50: 45.4 mg/L), of GO on D. magna. To understand the underlying mechanism of GO exposure, changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of D. magna exposed to GO were correlated, which revealed elevated GO-mediated oxidative stress and damages, especially in the long-time and high-dose exposure groups. The observations of in vivo fluorescence labeled with 2′, 7′-dichlorofluorescin further demonstrated that reactive oxygen species were concentrated in daphnia guts, which corresponded with the high bioaccumulation level (5 mg/L, 24 h body burden: 107.9 g/kg) of GO in daphnia guts. However, depuration of GO from daphnia was not difficult. Daphnia almost released all GO within 24 h after it was transferred to clean water. These results hence suggest that GO could accumulate and induce significant oxidative stress in the gut of D. magna, while D. daphnia can also relieve the acute toxicity by depurating GO.

Journal

Environmental PollutionElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

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