1 Introduction</h5> China's 2009 CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion were about 7.2 Gt, having more than doubled since 2000 ( EIA, 2011 ) 1 1 This figure differs from IEA (2011) which shows emissions at 6.9 GtCO 2 . Neither figure includes emissions from land use change or industrial process (mainly cement) emissions, but the EIA (2011) figures do include emissions from petroleum use in bunkering, which are not included in the IEA (2011) figure. . Two years (2003 and 2004) saw annual increases in emissions of greater than 15%, driven by a rapid expansion of heavy industrial sectors ( IEA, 2010a ). In the absence of specific and additional measures, these emissions are projected to continue to rise with China's continued economic development, in some scenarios representing nearly 30% of global emissions by 2050 ( IEA, 2010b ). This means that the future course of China's CO 2 emissions is of critical importance for climate change mitigation. The goal of this paper is to outline scenarios which represent a fundamental transformation in China's energy system to 2050, highlighting the major technologies that in combination provide this transformation, and the policy implications of developing and deploying
Energy Policy – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2013
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