A history of sexual, emotional, or physical abuse predicts adjustment during opioid maintenance treatment

A history of sexual, emotional, or physical abuse predicts adjustment during opioid maintenance... This study examined how having a history of sexual, physical, or emotional abuse is related to overall functioning as assessed by the Addiction Severity Index during short-term opioid maintenance treatment with either buprenorphine/naloxone or methadone. Furthermore, the relation between abuse history and overall functioning by sex was explored. Participants ( N = 268) were opioid-dependent adults entering an outpatient randomized clinical trial with buprenorphine/naloxone and methadone. Latent growth modeling indicated that females with an abuse history entered treatment with more problems in the psychiatric and family domains as compared with females without an abuse history. Over the course of treatment, a history of abuse predicted problems in the psychiatric and alcohol domains. Furthermore, a history of abuse predicted slower recovery times and less recovery overall for females in some domains. Males with an abuse history entered treatment with more severe psychiatric and family problems as compared with males with no history of abuse. Victims of abuse may present to substance abuse treatment with weaknesses in the areas of family relations, psychiatric status, and alcohol use. The nature of these problems and their trajectory over time differed by sex. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment Elsevier

A history of sexual, emotional, or physical abuse predicts adjustment during opioid maintenance treatment

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/a-history-of-sexual-emotional-or-physical-abuse-predicts-adjustment-Ud7Z4Qz91R
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0740-5472
DOI
10.1016/j.jsat.2007.03.009
pmid
17596905
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examined how having a history of sexual, physical, or emotional abuse is related to overall functioning as assessed by the Addiction Severity Index during short-term opioid maintenance treatment with either buprenorphine/naloxone or methadone. Furthermore, the relation between abuse history and overall functioning by sex was explored. Participants ( N = 268) were opioid-dependent adults entering an outpatient randomized clinical trial with buprenorphine/naloxone and methadone. Latent growth modeling indicated that females with an abuse history entered treatment with more problems in the psychiatric and family domains as compared with females without an abuse history. Over the course of treatment, a history of abuse predicted problems in the psychiatric and alcohol domains. Furthermore, a history of abuse predicted slower recovery times and less recovery overall for females in some domains. Males with an abuse history entered treatment with more severe psychiatric and family problems as compared with males with no history of abuse. Victims of abuse may present to substance abuse treatment with weaknesses in the areas of family relations, psychiatric status, and alcohol use. The nature of these problems and their trajectory over time differed by sex.

Journal

Journal of Substance Abuse TreatmentElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2008

References

  • Sexual abuse history and treatment outcomes among women undergoing methadone treatment
    Bartholomew, N.G.; Courtney, K.; Rowan-Szal, G.A.; Simpson, D.D.
  • Alcohol use from ages 9–16: A cohort-sequential latent growth model
    Duncan, S.C.; Duncan, T.E.; Strycker, L.A.
  • Intimate partner sexual abuse among women on methadone
    Frye, V.; El-Bassel, N.; Gilbert, L.; Rajah, V.; Christie, N.
  • Using latent growth modeling in program evaluation: A primer for the evaluator
    Hess, B.
  • Effects of childhood physical abuse on course and severity of substance abuse
    Westermeyer, J.; Wahmanholm, K.; Thuras, P.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off