Applied Energy 211 (2018) 1095–1105 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Lars Björnebo, Sabrina Spatari , Patrick L. Gurian Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, Drexel University, Philajerdelphia, PA, United States HIGHLIGHTS GR APHICAL A BSTRACT Method developed for categorizing the cost-eﬀectiveness of district heating. Biomass and natural gas district heating eﬀectively mitigate GHG emissions. District heating is competitive with other energy-saving building strate- gies. Performance of natural gas is highest due to eﬃciency in electricity gen- eration. ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Biomass resources could be used in the Northeastern U.S. in centralized district heating networks supplied by District heating combined heat and power (CHP) plants to reduce consumption of petroleum resources (fuel oil), generate re- Life cycle assessment newable electricity, and cost-eﬀectively reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions when supplying buildings with Economic analysis space and water heating. Alternatively, the CHP plants could be powered by natural gas, which would reduce GHG emissions GHG emissions relative to conventional, individual heating solutions owing to the improved eﬃciency of co- generation. To assess the potential for investment in these technologies, hourly heat load demand in residential and commercial buildings in all New England and New York state
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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