Applied Energy 211 (2018) 368–381 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy A consequential assessment of changes in greenhouse gas emissions due to the introduction of wheat straw ethanol in the context of European legislation Benedikt Buchspies , Martin Kaltschmitt Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute of Environmental Technology and Energy Economics (IUE), Eissendorfer Str. 40, D-21073 Hamburg, Germany HIGHLIGHTS GR APHICAL A BSTRACT The shift from 1st generation to 2nd generation bioethanol from straw is assessed. Resulting GHG emissions are eval- uated in the context of European leg- islation. Emissions might increase if 2nd gen- eration ethanol replaces 1st genera- tion ethanol. A detailed analysis of land-use change mechanisms conﬁrms results. Consequently, proposed EU legislation might provoke unintended con- sequences. ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Until today, ﬁrst generation (1G) biofuels dominate the market for alternative fuels. The European Commission Straw ethanol decided to cap 1G biofuels and promote second generation (2G) biofuels with the intention to reduce greenhouse Second generation biofuels (2G) gas (GHG) emissions, to limit the competition of food, feed and biofuels, as well as to improve societal approval. GHG emissions The assessment of consequences entailed to a shift from 1G to
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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