Aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) is classified as a Group I hepatocarcinogen in humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The alkaline Comet assay is a simple and rapid method by which DNA damage can be demonstrated as a function of tail moment. The present work is the first to evaluate the genotoxicity of AFB 1 in fish using the Comet assay. Two different species of fish were selected as models due to previously established sensitivity to AFB 1 : rainbow trout (sensitive) and channel catfish (resistant). Fish were i.p. injected with 0.5 mg AFB 1 /1 ml DMSO/1 kg body weight. The Comet assay was performed after 4 and 24 h on whole blood, liver, and kidney cells of both species. Trout blood and kidney tissue tested displayed significant ( p <0.05) and extensive DNA damage (shown by increased tail moment) after 4 h which then decreased by 24 h. In liver cells, damage progressively increased over time. Conversely, similarly treated catfish showed no elevation in DNA damage over controls at the same doses. These results suggest that the Comet assay is a useful tool for monitoring the genotoxicity of mycotoxins such as AFB 1 and for evaluating organ specific effects of these agents in different species.
Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis – Elsevier
Published: Dec 13, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera