Nowadays, dairy waste represents a global challenge as a result of the amount produced worldwide. Initially, one of the major objectives was to transform this waste into a single valuable product, but recently the concept of biorefinery has been applied to convert dairy waste into several valuable bioproducts such as biofuels, feed additives, bioplastics, and chemicals. Despite the potential that represents this kind of waste for the production of bioproducts, it is not a technology used extensively. An important factor that can help to become the biorefinery of dairy waste more attractive is the measure of the biorefinery complexity index (BCI). The BCI is a measure of the technological and economic risk to develop a biorefinery process using specific raw materials, production, extraction and purification processes. Our analysis of a dairy biorefinery gives a BCI of 20, which reflects a sustainable biorefinery. The dairy biorefinery synergistic approach predicted presents a zero-waste generation in the dairy industry. This will provide strength in academic and industrial level towards a biorefinery process design.
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: May 10, 2018
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