4D rods: 3D structures via programmable 1D composite rods

4D rods: 3D structures via programmable 1D composite rods Slender 1D structures are ubiquitous in nature and engineering and serve as building blocks for 3D structures at scales ranging from molecular to architectural. 3D printing enables fabrication of such structures with geometrical complexity that cannot be produced easily by traditional manufacturing methods, but comes with a cost of long building time and need for supporting structures during printing. Some of these limitations are overcome here through an approach that prints 1D rods with composite cross-sections, programmed to deform into a prescribed 3D shape simply upon heating. The straight or curved composite rods consist of a glassy polymer and an elastomer that are bonded to each other as a result of the manufacturing process; the latter is programmed with a compressive stress during the printing process. When heated, the stiff glassy polymer softens, resulting in release of the stress in the elastomer, and causes the 1D structure to deform into a new permanent 3D configuration. The cross-section of the composite rods can be designed to enable deformation modes of bending and twisting, a combination of which can guide the 1D rod into almost any 3D shape. With the use of a nonlinear thermomechanical computational model, several 3D rod structures are designed and demonstrated, highlighting the potential for increased functionality with material and time savings. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Materials & design Elsevier

4D rods: 3D structures via programmable 1D composite rods

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/4d-rods-3d-structures-via-programmable-1d-composite-rods-6bjHrCion0
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 The Authors
ISSN
0264-1275
eISSN
0141-5530
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.matdes.2017.10.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Slender 1D structures are ubiquitous in nature and engineering and serve as building blocks for 3D structures at scales ranging from molecular to architectural. 3D printing enables fabrication of such structures with geometrical complexity that cannot be produced easily by traditional manufacturing methods, but comes with a cost of long building time and need for supporting structures during printing. Some of these limitations are overcome here through an approach that prints 1D rods with composite cross-sections, programmed to deform into a prescribed 3D shape simply upon heating. The straight or curved composite rods consist of a glassy polymer and an elastomer that are bonded to each other as a result of the manufacturing process; the latter is programmed with a compressive stress during the printing process. When heated, the stiff glassy polymer softens, resulting in release of the stress in the elastomer, and causes the 1D structure to deform into a new permanent 3D configuration. The cross-section of the composite rods can be designed to enable deformation modes of bending and twisting, a combination of which can guide the 1D rod into almost any 3D shape. With the use of a nonlinear thermomechanical computational model, several 3D rod structures are designed and demonstrated, highlighting the potential for increased functionality with material and time savings.

Journal

Materials & designElsevier

Published: Jan 5, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off