2D transition metal carbide MXene as a robust biosensing platform for enzyme immobilization and ultrasensitive detection of phenol

2D transition metal carbide MXene as a robust biosensing platform for enzyme immobilization and... MXene-Ti3C2, as a new class of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides (or nitrides), has been synthesized by exfoliating pristine Ti3AlC2 phases with hydrofluoric acid. The SEM and XRD images show that the resultant MXene possesses a graphene-like 2D nanostructure. and the surface of MXene has been partially terminated with -OH, thus providing a favorable microenvironment for enzyme immobilization and retaining their bioactivity and stability. Considering the unique metallic conductivity, biocompatibility and good dispersion in aqueous phase, the as-prepared MXene was explored as a new matrix to immobilize tyrosinase (a model enzyme) for fabricating a mediator-free biosensor for ultrasensitive and rapid detection of phenol. The varying electrochemical measurements were used to investigate the electrochemical performance of MXene-based tyrosinase biosensors. The results revealed that the direct electron transfer between tyrosinase and electrode could be easily achieved via a surface-controlled electrochemical process. The fabricated MXene-based tyrosinase biosensors exhibited good analytical performance over a wide linear range from 0.05 to 15.5 μmol L−1, with a low detection limit of 12 nmol L−1 and a sensitivity of 414.4 mA M−1. The proposed biosensing approach also demonstrated good repeatability, reproducibility, long-term stability and high recovery for phenol detection in real water samples. With those excellent performances, MXene with graphene-like structure is proved to be a robust and versatile electrochemical biosensing platform for enzyme-based biosensors and biocatalysis, and has wide potential applications in biomedical detection and environmental analysis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biosensors and Bioelectronics Elsevier

2D transition metal carbide MXene as a robust biosensing platform for enzyme immobilization and ultrasensitive detection of phenol

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0956-5663
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bios.2018.02.021
Publisher site
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Abstract

MXene-Ti3C2, as a new class of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides (or nitrides), has been synthesized by exfoliating pristine Ti3AlC2 phases with hydrofluoric acid. The SEM and XRD images show that the resultant MXene possesses a graphene-like 2D nanostructure. and the surface of MXene has been partially terminated with -OH, thus providing a favorable microenvironment for enzyme immobilization and retaining their bioactivity and stability. Considering the unique metallic conductivity, biocompatibility and good dispersion in aqueous phase, the as-prepared MXene was explored as a new matrix to immobilize tyrosinase (a model enzyme) for fabricating a mediator-free biosensor for ultrasensitive and rapid detection of phenol. The varying electrochemical measurements were used to investigate the electrochemical performance of MXene-based tyrosinase biosensors. The results revealed that the direct electron transfer between tyrosinase and electrode could be easily achieved via a surface-controlled electrochemical process. The fabricated MXene-based tyrosinase biosensors exhibited good analytical performance over a wide linear range from 0.05 to 15.5 μmol L−1, with a low detection limit of 12 nmol L−1 and a sensitivity of 414.4 mA M−1. The proposed biosensing approach also demonstrated good repeatability, reproducibility, long-term stability and high recovery for phenol detection in real water samples. With those excellent performances, MXene with graphene-like structure is proved to be a robust and versatile electrochemical biosensing platform for enzyme-based biosensors and biocatalysis, and has wide potential applications in biomedical detection and environmental analysis.

Journal

Biosensors and BioelectronicsElsevier

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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