11,12 -Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12 EET) reduces excitability and excitatory transmission in the hippocampus

11,12 -Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12 EET) reduces excitability and excitatory transmission in... Recent studies suggest a role for the arachidonic acid-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in attenuating epileptic seizures. However, their effect on neurotransmission has never been investigated in detail. Here, we studied how 11,12- and 14,15 EET affect excitability and excitatory neurotransmission in mouse hippocampus. 11,12 EET (2 μM), but not 14,15 EET (2 μM), induced the opening of a hyperpolarizing K+ conductance in CA1 pyramidal cells. This action could be blocked by BaCl2, the G protein blocker GDPβ-S and the GIRK1/4 blocker tertiapin Q and the channel was thus identified as a GIRK channel. The 11,12 EET-mediated opening of this channel significantly reduced excitability of CA1 pyramidal cells, which could not be blocked by the functional antagonist EEZE (10 μM). Furthermore, both 11,12 EET and 14,15 EET reduced glutamate release on CA1 pyramidal cells with 14,15 EET being the less potent regioisomer. In CA1 pyramidal cells, 11,12 EET reduced the amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) by 20% and the slope of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) by 50%, presumably via a presynaptic mechanism. EEZE increased both EPSC amplitude and fEPSP slope by 40%, also via a presynaptic mechanism, but failed to block 11,12 EET-mediated reduction of EPSCs and fEPSPs. This strongly suggests the existence of distinct targets for 11,12 EET and EEZE in neurons. In summary, 11,12 EET substantially reduced excitation in CA1 pyramidal cells by inhibiting the release of glutamate and opening a GIRK channel. These findings might explain the therapeutic potential of EETs in reducing epileptiform activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neuropharmacology Elsevier

11,12 -Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12 EET) reduces excitability and excitatory transmission in the hippocampus

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/11-12-epoxyeicosatrienoic-acid-11-12-eet-reduces-excitability-and-Op0eJrsv2H
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 The Authors
ISSN
0028-3908
eISSN
1873-7064
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.neuropharm.2017.05.013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Recent studies suggest a role for the arachidonic acid-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in attenuating epileptic seizures. However, their effect on neurotransmission has never been investigated in detail. Here, we studied how 11,12- and 14,15 EET affect excitability and excitatory neurotransmission in mouse hippocampus. 11,12 EET (2 μM), but not 14,15 EET (2 μM), induced the opening of a hyperpolarizing K+ conductance in CA1 pyramidal cells. This action could be blocked by BaCl2, the G protein blocker GDPβ-S and the GIRK1/4 blocker tertiapin Q and the channel was thus identified as a GIRK channel. The 11,12 EET-mediated opening of this channel significantly reduced excitability of CA1 pyramidal cells, which could not be blocked by the functional antagonist EEZE (10 μM). Furthermore, both 11,12 EET and 14,15 EET reduced glutamate release on CA1 pyramidal cells with 14,15 EET being the less potent regioisomer. In CA1 pyramidal cells, 11,12 EET reduced the amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) by 20% and the slope of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) by 50%, presumably via a presynaptic mechanism. EEZE increased both EPSC amplitude and fEPSP slope by 40%, also via a presynaptic mechanism, but failed to block 11,12 EET-mediated reduction of EPSCs and fEPSPs. This strongly suggests the existence of distinct targets for 11,12 EET and EEZE in neurons. In summary, 11,12 EET substantially reduced excitation in CA1 pyramidal cells by inhibiting the release of glutamate and opening a GIRK channel. These findings might explain the therapeutic potential of EETs in reducing epileptiform activity.

Journal

NeuropharmacologyElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off