10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.021

10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.021 1 <h5>Introduction</h5> Conservation programmes, including the establishment of marine reserve systems, are preferably developed based on detailed knowledge of each species’ distribution, abundance, life history and their interactions with other species and the biophysical environment in which they exist ( Brooks et al., 2004 ). There are, however, serious gaps in the knowledge of the distribution and abundance of species, especially in the marine environment ( Thompson et al., 2002; Gladstone and Alexander, 2005 ). As a result there is an urgent need to develop and test alternative approaches such as the use of biodiversity surrogates to support ongoing management and conservation programmes ( Ward et al., 1999; Brooks et al., 2004; Cowling et al., 2004; Pressey, 2004 ). Surrogate approaches include, for example, the use of habitats ( Ward et al., 1999; Banks and Skilleter, 2002 ), species (e.g., individual or focal), species assemblages or higher taxonomic levels ( Ward et al., 1999; Gladstone, 2002; Hitt and Frissell, 2004; Gladstone and Alexander, 2005; King and Beazley, 2005; Smith, 2005 ), or environmental diversity ( Araujo et al., 2001 ). The use of habitat surrogates in marine reserve design programmes generally assumes that protection of particular habitat types http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.021

Elsevier — Jun 11, 2020

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Abstract

1 <h5>Introduction</h5> Conservation programmes, including the establishment of marine reserve systems, are preferably developed based on detailed knowledge of each species’ distribution, abundance, life history and their interactions with other species and the biophysical environment in which they exist ( Brooks et al., 2004 ). There are, however, serious gaps in the knowledge of the distribution and abundance of species, especially in the marine environment ( Thompson et al., 2002; Gladstone and Alexander, 2005 ). As a result there is an urgent need to develop and test alternative approaches such as the use of biodiversity surrogates to support ongoing management and conservation programmes ( Ward et al., 1999; Brooks et al., 2004; Cowling et al., 2004; Pressey, 2004 ). Surrogate approaches include, for example, the use of habitats ( Ward et al., 1999; Banks and Skilleter, 2002 ), species (e.g., individual or focal), species assemblages or higher taxonomic levels ( Ward et al., 1999; Gladstone, 2002; Hitt and Frissell, 2004; Gladstone and Alexander, 2005; King and Beazley, 2005; Smith, 2005 ), or environmental diversity ( Araujo et al., 2001 ). The use of habitat surrogates in marine reserve design programmes generally assumes that protection of particular habitat types

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