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Living on the Level: Horizontally-planned Lodgings in Fifteenth- and Early Sixteenth-Century Scotland

Living on the Level: Horizontally-planned Lodgings in Fifteenth- and Early Sixteenth-Century... Richard D. Oram Horizontally integrated public spaces and private accommodation in enfilade (i.e. entered in sequence one from another) were presented by Charles McKean as the successor in Scottish elite planning from around the 1520s to the vertically disposed provision of earlier towers.1 Architectural innovation there certainly was in what is often labelled Scotland's early Renaissance period, and the efflorescence of buildings of this basic plan within houses of the Scottish nobility from the late 1530s onwards suggests an enthusiastic embracing of the new prescription for elite living that it offered. This article argues, however, that, rather than being a new departure of the 1500s, such buildings were present by the later fifteenth century, already forming the principal apartments of major courtyard `palace' complexes in both royal and lordly contexts, and as an architectural expression of power they have too often been literally overshadowed by towers. A tradition of vertically disposed high-status space dominated but did not monopolise Scottish castle design from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries. At the residences of royalty and nobility alike, the stacking of hall and chamber(s) in turriform was a common but not universal practice. Epitomised in Scotland by the Douglas Tower http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Architectural Heritage Edinburgh University Press

Living on the Level: Horizontally-planned Lodgings in Fifteenth- and Early Sixteenth-Century Scotland

Architectural Heritage , Volume 26 (1): 37 – Nov 1, 2015

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Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Copyright
© The Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, 2015
Subject
Historical Studies
ISSN
1350-7524
eISSN
1755-1641
DOI
10.3366/arch.2015.0066
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Richard D. Oram Horizontally integrated public spaces and private accommodation in enfilade (i.e. entered in sequence one from another) were presented by Charles McKean as the successor in Scottish elite planning from around the 1520s to the vertically disposed provision of earlier towers.1 Architectural innovation there certainly was in what is often labelled Scotland's early Renaissance period, and the efflorescence of buildings of this basic plan within houses of the Scottish nobility from the late 1530s onwards suggests an enthusiastic embracing of the new prescription for elite living that it offered. This article argues, however, that, rather than being a new departure of the 1500s, such buildings were present by the later fifteenth century, already forming the principal apartments of major courtyard `palace' complexes in both royal and lordly contexts, and as an architectural expression of power they have too often been literally overshadowed by towers. A tradition of vertically disposed high-status space dominated but did not monopolise Scottish castle design from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries. At the residences of royalty and nobility alike, the stacking of hall and chamber(s) in turriform was a common but not universal practice. Epitomised in Scotland by the Douglas Tower

Journal

Architectural HeritageEdinburgh University Press

Published: Nov 1, 2015

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