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James Baine, His Majesty's Master Wright: Principal Building Works and Contracts

James Baine, His Majesty's Master Wright: Principal Building Works and Contracts Kate Newland James Baine was a wright and merchant burgess of Edinburgh operating in Scotland during the second half of the seventeenth century. This article examines his emergence as a main contractor and master of works, and perhaps even an `architector', through three case studies: the building of Panmure House, Glamis Castle and Brechin Castle. Baine's career and ultimate bankruptcy also illustrate changes in the way building projects were undertaken and the transference of financial risk from owner to tradesman. James Baine (1630­1704), His Majesty's Master Wright, was the most prestigious and influential member of his craft in seventeenth-century Scotland, working for the Crown and some of the most powerful members of the Scottish nobility. The changing nature of his employment by the Earls of Panmure and Strathmore at three major Scottish houses illustrates his rise in status: he was master wright at Panmure House, main contractor at Glamis Castle and master of works and possibly architect with responsibility for all the building trades at Brechin Castle. Examination of the documents recording these building projects has revealed changes in the way labour was secured and the introduction of a system increasingly based on contracts. Traditionally, the landowner undertook http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Architectural Heritage Edinburgh University Press

James Baine, His Majesty's Master Wright: Principal Building Works and Contracts

Architectural Heritage , Volume 26 (1): 87 – Nov 1, 2015

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Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Copyright
© The Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, 2015
Subject
Historical Studies
ISSN
1350-7524
eISSN
1755-1641
DOI
10.3366/arch.2015.0069
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Kate Newland James Baine was a wright and merchant burgess of Edinburgh operating in Scotland during the second half of the seventeenth century. This article examines his emergence as a main contractor and master of works, and perhaps even an `architector', through three case studies: the building of Panmure House, Glamis Castle and Brechin Castle. Baine's career and ultimate bankruptcy also illustrate changes in the way building projects were undertaken and the transference of financial risk from owner to tradesman. James Baine (1630­1704), His Majesty's Master Wright, was the most prestigious and influential member of his craft in seventeenth-century Scotland, working for the Crown and some of the most powerful members of the Scottish nobility. The changing nature of his employment by the Earls of Panmure and Strathmore at three major Scottish houses illustrates his rise in status: he was master wright at Panmure House, main contractor at Glamis Castle and master of works and possibly architect with responsibility for all the building trades at Brechin Castle. Examination of the documents recording these building projects has revealed changes in the way labour was secured and the introduction of a system increasingly based on contracts. Traditionally, the landowner undertook

Journal

Architectural HeritageEdinburgh University Press

Published: Nov 1, 2015

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