The purpose of this paper is to develop an optimization procedure that can be used with simulation methods to capture the strengths of both in analyzing habitat layouts. We present a static optimization model for spatially locating habitat, using the Northern Spotted Owl in the Olympic Peninsula, Washington State (USA) as a case study. Optimization model parameters, including adult survival, fecundity, and occupancy of sites, are generated with an extant simulation model, and both models are used together to evaluate an alternative plan for the recovery of this high-visibility species. This plan is generally supported by the analysis, but some gains are indicated to be possible from trading off some federally managed habitat for nonfederal habitat (though such a trade-off may not be realistically practical).
Ecological Applications – Ecological Society of America
Published: Nov 1, 1997
Keywords: carrying capacity and connectivity of habitat ; habitat, spatial optimization of ; Northern Spotted Owl habitat ; Olympic Peninsula, Washington State, USA ; optimization cf. simulation modeling ; optimization modeling of habitat placement ; simulation modeling of management options
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