Whatever Happened to Secularization? The Multiple Islams in Turkey

Whatever Happened to Secularization? The Multiple Islams in Turkey The South Atlantic Quarterly :/, Spring/Summer . Copyright ©  by Duke University Press. One is the universality of religion as a factor in the lives of the Muslim peoples, and the other is its centrality.’’ 4 Turkey, however, is often considered as having passed the test of secularization. Thus, in Gellner’s words, ‘‘Islam is unique among world religions, and Turkey is unique within the Muslim world. . . . Turkey [is] the exception within the exception.’’ 5 Yet this truly exceptional model does not appear to be faring very well lately. The Islamist movement has been growing since the late s, reaching a peak in the s. In , the Islamist political party (Welfare Party) won the general elections, making its leader, Necmettin Erbakan, the prime minister of the country for a period. It was only a short period, however, before the Islamist-led coalition government was removed from power through an indirect intervention of the military in . This sort of intervention was not a new experience for Turkey. As Gellner himself has noted, the army, regarded by all as the guardian of Kemalism, does not seem to hesitate to step in every time a democratic election http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png South Atlantic Quarterly Duke University Press

Whatever Happened to Secularization? The Multiple Islams in Turkey

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Abstract

The South Atlantic Quarterly :/, Spring/Summer . Copyright ©  by Duke University Press. One is the universality of religion as a factor in the lives of the Muslim peoples, and the other is its centrality.’’ 4 Turkey, however, is often considered as having passed the test of secularization. Thus, in Gellner’s words, ‘‘Islam is unique among world religions, and Turkey is unique within the Muslim world. . . . Turkey [is] the exception within the exception.’’ 5 Yet this truly exceptional model does not appear to be faring very well lately. The Islamist movement has been growing since the late s, reaching a peak in the s. In , the Islamist political party (Welfare Party) won the general elections, making its leader, Necmettin Erbakan, the prime minister of the country for a period. It was only a short period, however, before the Islamist-led coalition government was removed from power through an indirect intervention of the military in . This sort of intervention was not a new experience for Turkey. As Gellner himself has noted, the army, regarded by all as the guardian of Kemalism, does not seem to hesitate to step in every time a democratic election

Journal

South Atlantic QuarterlyDuke University Press

Published: Apr 1, 2003

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