leadership of a conservative-democratic political/social movement. This development signals a possibility of political transformation that is important in the context of Turkeyâs recent history. To assess the potential signiï¬cance of this event, it will be useful to consider the ï±ï¹ï¸ï² Constitution, which inhibited the political development of Turkish society for twenty years, and the structure determining the qualities of the institutions and traditions deriving from that Constitution. The Characteristics of the September 12 Regime The architects of the September ï±ï² regime desired to construct a political sphere with the state at its center. This project reï¬ected a political conception that perceived the state as the center and the society as the periphery. The diï¬erent wings of politics, its left and its right, were to be determined according to this center.With this aim in view, it was stipulated that political parties would conform to a single type in their establishment and operation, that organic ties between political parties and other social organizations would be prevented by means of a series of prohibitions, and that the clustering of votes around a few central parties would be made obligatory by means of the ï±ï° percent threshold for representation in the parliament.
South Atlantic Quarterly – Duke University Press
Published: Apr 1, 2003