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Haussmann and Haussmannisation: The Legacy for Paris

Haussmann and Haussmannisation: The Legacy for Paris FRENCH HISTORICAL STUDIES Boulevard Haussmann—there was a rancorous debate in the Chamber of Deputies about thus honoring him—was the only major street cut, or rather completed, between 1920 and 1940.2 The city’s debt for his massive urban renewal was retired only in 1929. Urban patterns persist, sometimes through centuries, and bind future generations. Witness the Louvre-Tuileries palace. From the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, from François I to François Mitterrand, successive regimes could not resist laying hands on the buildings, which became the largest palace in the world. No other structure in Paris has so successfully survived so many royal (or imperial) masters and their architects. Haussmann’s work on Paris, I here argue, is similar. He fixed the shape, the itineraries, the architecture, and in part the culture of Paris in ways that have shown surprising vitality for more than a century. His successors have added onto his work without obliterating it. Even those who loathe Haussmann’s urban ideas and influence have found themselves enmeshed in his net. The Third Republic embraced and continued his work, despite official denials. The most radical proposals for transforming Paris anew, those of Le Corbusier, were in fact haussmannisme raised to another http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png French Historical Studies Duke University Press

Haussmann and Haussmannisation: The Legacy for Paris

French Historical Studies , Volume 27 (1) – Jan 1, 2004

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Publisher
Duke University Press
Copyright
Copyright 2004 by Society for French Historical Studies
ISSN
0016-1071
eISSN
1527-5493
DOI
10.1215/00161071-27-1-87
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

FRENCH HISTORICAL STUDIES Boulevard Haussmann—there was a rancorous debate in the Chamber of Deputies about thus honoring him—was the only major street cut, or rather completed, between 1920 and 1940.2 The city’s debt for his massive urban renewal was retired only in 1929. Urban patterns persist, sometimes through centuries, and bind future generations. Witness the Louvre-Tuileries palace. From the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, from François I to François Mitterrand, successive regimes could not resist laying hands on the buildings, which became the largest palace in the world. No other structure in Paris has so successfully survived so many royal (or imperial) masters and their architects. Haussmann’s work on Paris, I here argue, is similar. He fixed the shape, the itineraries, the architecture, and in part the culture of Paris in ways that have shown surprising vitality for more than a century. His successors have added onto his work without obliterating it. Even those who loathe Haussmann’s urban ideas and influence have found themselves enmeshed in his net. The Third Republic embraced and continued his work, despite official denials. The most radical proposals for transforming Paris anew, those of Le Corbusier, were in fact haussmannisme raised to another

Journal

French Historical StudiesDuke University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2004

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