Alexis Carrel, the Unknown: Eugenics and Population Research under Vichy

Alexis Carrel, the Unknown: Eugenics and Population Research under Vichy In November 1991 the Front National held a meeting in the town of Saint-Raphaël (Var) to publicize its new interest in environmental issues. In his keynote speech the secretary-general of the party, Bruno Mégret, attacked the Greens for opening the gates to immigration. He stated that ‘‘true ecology goes hand in hand with the defense of identity,’’ and in a calculated effort to dress the party’s écolofascisme with respectable credentials he claimed Alexis Carrel as ‘‘a man of the Right and the founder of ecology.’’ 1 Most people remembered Carrel (1873– 1944) as the recipient of the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine and the author of the best-selling book Man, the Unknown (1935). Few, however, recalled his fascist and eugenic views; and only a handful of scholars knew of his role as head of the Fondation Française pour l’Etude des Problèmes Humains, a research institution created by Tseng 2002.3.1 16:15 Andrés Reggiani is a professor of history at Universidad Torcuato Di Tella (Buenos Aires). He is currently completing a book manuscript on Alexis Carrel. Earlier versions of his work in progress were presented at the New York Area French History Seminar and the Forty-seventh Annual Meeting http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png French Historical Studies Duke University Press

Alexis Carrel, the Unknown: Eugenics and Population Research under Vichy

French Historical Studies, Volume 25 (2) – Apr 1, 2002

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Publisher
Duke University Press
Copyright
Copyright 2002 by Society for French Historical Studies
ISSN
0016-1071
eISSN
1527-5493
DOI
10.1215/00161071-25-2-331
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In November 1991 the Front National held a meeting in the town of Saint-Raphaël (Var) to publicize its new interest in environmental issues. In his keynote speech the secretary-general of the party, Bruno Mégret, attacked the Greens for opening the gates to immigration. He stated that ‘‘true ecology goes hand in hand with the defense of identity,’’ and in a calculated effort to dress the party’s écolofascisme with respectable credentials he claimed Alexis Carrel as ‘‘a man of the Right and the founder of ecology.’’ 1 Most people remembered Carrel (1873– 1944) as the recipient of the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine and the author of the best-selling book Man, the Unknown (1935). Few, however, recalled his fascist and eugenic views; and only a handful of scholars knew of his role as head of the Fondation Française pour l’Etude des Problèmes Humains, a research institution created by Tseng 2002.3.1 16:15 Andrés Reggiani is a professor of history at Universidad Torcuato Di Tella (Buenos Aires). He is currently completing a book manuscript on Alexis Carrel. Earlier versions of his work in progress were presented at the New York Area French History Seminar and the Forty-seventh Annual Meeting

Journal

French Historical StudiesDuke University Press

Published: Apr 1, 2002

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