The effects of Panax ginseng supplementation on growth hormone, cortisol and lactate response to high-intensity resistance exercise

The effects of Panax ginseng supplementation on growth hormone, cortisol and lactate response to... References1. Arzeghar M., A. Hematfar, S.M. Naghibzadeh, J. Rashna­vadinejad (2014) Effect of panax ginseng on indicators of physiological, blood biochemical, and body composition during strength training of male power lifting athletes. IJSS, 4(4): 380-385.2. Bahrke M.S., W.P. Morgan (1994) Evaluation of the ergogenic properties of ginseng. Sports Med., 18(4): 229-248.10.2165/00007256-199418040-000033. Bahrke M.S., W.P. Morgan, A. Stegner (2009) Is ginseng an ergogenic aid? Int. J. Sport Nutr. Exerc. Metab., 19(3): 298-322.10.1123/ijsnem.19.3.2984. Borst S.E., D.V. De Hoyos, L. Garzarella, K. Vincent, B.H. Pollock, D.T. Lowenthal, M.L. Pollock (2001) Ef­fects of resistance training on insulin-like growth fac­tor-I and IGF binding proteins. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33(4): 648-653.5. Brekhmam I., I. Dardymov (1969) Pharmacological in­vestigations of glycosides from ginseng and Eleuthero­coccus. Lloydia, 32: 46-51.6. Briskin D.P. (2000) Medicinal plants and phytomedi­cines. Linking plant biochemistry and physiology to hu­man health. Plant Physiol., 124(2): 507-514.7. Brzycki M. (1993) Strength testing - predicting a one-rep max from reps-to-fatigue. J. Phys. Educ. Recreat. Dance, 64(1): 88-90.8. Chong S., V. Oberholzer (1988) Ginseng--is there a use in clinical medicine? Postgrad. Med. J., 64(757): 841-846.9. Craig B.W., H.Y. Kang (1994) Growth Hormone Release Following Single Versus Multiple Sets of Back Squats: Total Work Versus Power. J. Strength Cond. Res., 8(4): 270-275.10. Cumming D.C., L. Brunsting 3rd, G. Strich, A.L. Ries, R.W. Rebar (1986) Reproductive hormone increases in response to acute exercise in men. Med. Sci. Sports Ex­erc., 18(4): 369-373.11. Durand R.J., V.D. Castracane, D.B. Hollander, J.L. Tryniecki, M.M. Bamman, S. O’Neal, E.P. Hebert, R.R. Kraemer (2003) Hormonal responses from concen­tric and eccentric muscle contractions. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 35(6): 937-943.12. Ehrnborg C., K. Lange, R. Dall, J. Christiansen, P.-A. Lundberg, R. Baxter, M.A. Boroujerdi, B.A. Bengtsson, M.L. Healey, C. Pentecost, S. Longobardi, R. Napoli, T. Rosén (2003) The growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I axis hormones and bone markers in elite athletes i n response to a maximum exercise test. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 88(1): 394-401.13. Engels H.-J., J.C. Wirth (1997) No ergogenic effects of ginseng (Panax ginseng CA Meyer) during graded maximal aerobic exercise. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 97(10): 1110-1115.14. Gaffney B., H. Hügel, P. Rich (2001) Panax ginseng and Eleutherococcus senticosus may exaggerate an already existing biphasic response to stress via inhibition of en­zymes which limit the binding of stress hormones to their receptors. Med. Hypotheses, 56(5): 567-572.10.1054/mehy.2000.116315. Gaffney B.T., H.M. Hügel, P.A. Rich (2001) The effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus and Panax ginseng on ste­roidal hormone indices of stress and lymphocyte subset numbers in endurance athletes. Life Sci., 70(4): 431-442. 10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01394-716. Godfrey R.J., Z. Madgwick, G.P. Whyte (2003) The exercise-induced growth hormone response in athletes. Sports Med., 33(8): 599-613.17. Goto K., N. Ishii, K. Takamatsu (2004) Growth hormone response to training regimen with combined high-and low-intensity resistance exercises. Int. J. Sport Health Sci., 2: 111-118.10.5432/ijshs.2.11118. Goulet E.D., A. Hassaine, I.J. Dionne, P. Gaudreau, A. Khalil, T. Fulop, B. Shatenstein, D. Tessier, J.A. Mo­rais (2009) Frailty in the elderly is associated with insulin resistance of glucose metabolism in the postabsorptive state only in the presence of increased abdominal fat. Exp. Geront., 44(11): 740-744.19. Hallstrom C., S. Fulder, M. Carruthers (1978) Effects of ginseng on the performance of nurses on night duty. Am. J. Chin. Med., 6(04): 277-282.20. Hansen S., T. Kvorning, M. Kjaer, G. Sjøgaard (2001) The effect of short‐term strength training on human skeletal muscle: the importance of physiologically el­evated hormone levels. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports, 11(6): 347-354.10.1034/j.1600-0838.2001.110606.x21. Hsu C.-C., M.-C. Ho, L.-C. Lin, B. Su, M.-C. Hsu (2005) American ginseng supplementation attenuates creatine kinase level induced by submaximal exercise in human beings. World J. Gastroenterol., 11(34): 5327.22. Kang H.Y., S.H. Kim, W.J. Lee, H.K. Byrne (2002) Ef­fects of ginseng ingestion on growth hormone, testoster­one, cortisol, and insulin-like growth factor 1 responses to acute resistance exercise. J. Strength Cond. Res., 16(2): 179-183.10.1519/00124278-200205000-0000323. Kraemer W.J., S.E. Gordon, S.J. Fleck, L. Marchitelli, R. Mello, J.E. Dziados, K. Friedl, E. Harman, C. Maresh, A.C. Fry (1991) Endogenous anabolic hormonal and growth factor responses to heavy resistance exercise in males and females. Int. J. Sports Med., 12(02): 228-235.24. Kraemer W.J., K. Häkkinen, R.U. Newton, B.C. Nindl, J.S. Volek, M. McCormick, L.A. Gotshalk, S.E. Gordon, S.J. Fleck, W.W. Campbell, M. Putukian, W.J. Evans (1999) Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormon­al response patterns in younger vs. older men. J. Appl. Physiol., 87(3): 982-992.25. Kraemer W.J., L. Marchitelli, S.E. Gordon, E. Har­man, J.E. Dziados, R. Mello, P. Frykman, D. McCurry, S.J. Fleck (1990) Hormonal and growth factor responses to heavy resistance exercise protocols. J. Appl. Physiol., 69(4): 1442-1450.26. Lee N.-H., C.-G. Son (2011) Systematic review of ran­domized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of ginseng. J. Acupunct. Meridian Stud., 4(2): 85-97.27. McNaughton L., G. Egan, G. Caelli (1989) A compari­son of Chinese and Russian ginseng as ergogenic aids to improve various facets of physical fitness. Int. Clin. Nutr. Rev., 9(1): 32-35.28. Morris A.C., I. Jacobs, T.M. McLellan, A. Klugerman, L.C. Wang, J. Zamecnik (1996) No ergogenic effect of ginseng ingestion. Int. J. Sport Nutr., 6(3): 263-271.10.1123/ijsn.6.3.26329. Onanong Kulaputana M. (2007) Ginseng supplemen­tation does not change lactate threshold and physicalperformances in physically active Thai men. J. Med. As­soc. Thai., 90(6): 1172-1179.30. Ping F.W.C., C.C. Keong, A. Bandyopadhyay (2011) Ef­fects of acute supplementation of Panax ginseng on en­durance running in a hot & humid environment. Indian J. Med. Res., 133(1): 96.31. Stone M.H. (1995) Literature review: Human Growth Hormone: Physiological Functions and Ergogenic Effi­cacy. Strength Cond. J., 17(4): 72-74.10.1519/1073-6840(1995)017<0072:HGHPFA>2.3.CO;232. Takamura Y., Y. Makanae, S. Ato, N. Yoshii, K. Ki­do, M. Nomura, A. Uchiyama, N. Shiozawa, S. Fujita (2016) Panaxatriol derived from ginseng augments resist­ance exercised-induced protein synthesis via mTORC1 signaling in rat skeletal muscle. Nutr. Res., 36(11): 1193-1201.10.1016/j.nutres.2016.09.00233. Thompson P.D., B.A. Franklin, G.J. Balady, S.N. Blair, D. Corrado, N.M. Estes, J.E. Fulton, N.F. Gordon, W.L. Haskell, M.S. Link, B.J. Maron, M.A. Mittleman, A. Pelliccia, N.K. Wenger, S.N. Willich, F. Costa (2007) Exercise and acute cardiovascular events. Circulation, 115(17): 2358-2368.34. Vogler B., M. Pittler, E. Ernst (1999) The efficacy of gin­seng. A systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 55(8): 567-575.35. Wong C.P.F., A. Bandyopadhyay, C.K. Chen (2011) Ef­fects of Panax ginseng supplementation on physiol­ogy responses during endurance performance. J. Mens Health, 8: S78-S80. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biomedical Human Kinetics de Gruyter

The effects of Panax ginseng supplementation on growth hormone, cortisol and lactate response to high-intensity resistance exercise

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References1. Arzeghar M., A. Hematfar, S.M. Naghibzadeh, J. Rashna­vadinejad (2014) Effect of panax ginseng on indicators of physiological, blood biochemical, and body composition during strength training of male power lifting athletes. IJSS, 4(4): 380-385.2. Bahrke M.S., W.P. Morgan (1994) Evaluation of the ergogenic properties of ginseng. Sports Med., 18(4): 229-248.10.2165/00007256-199418040-000033. Bahrke M.S., W.P. Morgan, A. Stegner (2009) Is ginseng an ergogenic aid? Int. J. Sport Nutr. Exerc. Metab., 19(3): 298-322.10.1123/ijsnem.19.3.2984. Borst S.E., D.V. De Hoyos, L. Garzarella, K. Vincent, B.H. Pollock, D.T. Lowenthal, M.L. Pollock (2001) Ef­fects of resistance training on insulin-like growth fac­tor-I and IGF binding proteins. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33(4): 648-653.5. Brekhmam I., I. Dardymov (1969) Pharmacological in­vestigations of glycosides from ginseng and Eleuthero­coccus. Lloydia, 32: 46-51.6. Briskin D.P. (2000) Medicinal plants and phytomedi­cines. Linking plant biochemistry and physiology to hu­man health. Plant Physiol., 124(2): 507-514.7. Brzycki M. (1993) Strength testing - predicting a one-rep max from reps-to-fatigue. J. Phys. Educ. Recreat. Dance, 64(1): 88-90.8. Chong S., V. Oberholzer (1988) Ginseng--is there a use in clinical medicine? Postgrad. Med. J., 64(757): 841-846.9. Craig B.W., H.Y. Kang (1994) Growth Hormone Release Following Single Versus Multiple Sets of Back Squats: Total Work Versus Power. J. Strength Cond. Res., 8(4): 270-275.10. Cumming D.C., L. Brunsting 3rd, G. Strich, A.L. Ries, R.W. Rebar (1986) Reproductive hormone increases in response to acute exercise in men. Med. Sci. Sports Ex­erc., 18(4): 369-373.11. Durand R.J., V.D. Castracane, D.B. Hollander, J.L. Tryniecki, M.M. Bamman, S. O’Neal, E.P. Hebert, R.R. Kraemer (2003) Hormonal responses from concen­tric and eccentric muscle contractions. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 35(6): 937-943.12. Ehrnborg C., K. Lange, R. Dall, J. Christiansen, P.-A. Lundberg, R. Baxter, M.A. Boroujerdi, B.A. Bengtsson, M.L. Healey, C. Pentecost, S. Longobardi, R. Napoli, T. Rosén (2003) The growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I axis hormones and bone markers in elite athletes i n response to a maximum exercise test. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 88(1): 394-401.13. Engels H.-J., J.C. Wirth (1997) No ergogenic effects of ginseng (Panax ginseng CA Meyer) during graded maximal aerobic exercise. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 97(10): 1110-1115.14. Gaffney B., H. Hügel, P. Rich (2001) Panax ginseng and Eleutherococcus senticosus may exaggerate an already existing biphasic response to stress via inhibition of en­zymes which limit the binding of stress hormones to their receptors. Med. Hypotheses, 56(5): 567-572.10.1054/mehy.2000.116315. Gaffney B.T., H.M. Hügel, P.A. Rich (2001) The effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus and Panax ginseng on ste­roidal hormone indices of stress and lymphocyte subset numbers in endurance athletes. Life Sci., 70(4): 431-442. 10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01394-716. Godfrey R.J., Z. Madgwick, G.P. Whyte (2003) The exercise-induced growth hormone response in athletes. Sports Med., 33(8): 599-613.17. Goto K., N. Ishii, K. Takamatsu (2004) Growth hormone response to training regimen with combined high-and low-intensity resistance exercises. Int. J. Sport Health Sci., 2: 111-118.10.5432/ijshs.2.11118. Goulet E.D., A. Hassaine, I.J. Dionne, P. Gaudreau, A. Khalil, T. Fulop, B. Shatenstein, D. Tessier, J.A. Mo­rais (2009) Frailty in the elderly is associated with insulin resistance of glucose metabolism in the postabsorptive state only in the presence of increased abdominal fat. Exp. Geront., 44(11): 740-744.19. Hallstrom C., S. Fulder, M. Carruthers (1978) Effects of ginseng on the performance of nurses on night duty. Am. J. Chin. Med., 6(04): 277-282.20. Hansen S., T. Kvorning, M. Kjaer, G. Sjøgaard (2001) The effect of short‐term strength training on human skeletal muscle: the importance of physiologically el­evated hormone levels. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports, 11(6): 347-354.10.1034/j.1600-0838.2001.110606.x21. Hsu C.-C., M.-C. Ho, L.-C. Lin, B. Su, M.-C. Hsu (2005) American ginseng supplementation attenuates creatine kinase level induced by submaximal exercise in human beings. World J. Gastroenterol., 11(34): 5327.22. Kang H.Y., S.H. Kim, W.J. Lee, H.K. Byrne (2002) Ef­fects of ginseng ingestion on growth hormone, testoster­one, cortisol, and insulin-like growth factor 1 responses to acute resistance exercise. J. Strength Cond. Res., 16(2): 179-183.10.1519/00124278-200205000-0000323. Kraemer W.J., S.E. Gordon, S.J. Fleck, L. Marchitelli, R. Mello, J.E. Dziados, K. Friedl, E. Harman, C. Maresh, A.C. Fry (1991) Endogenous anabolic hormonal and growth factor responses to heavy resistance exercise in males and females. Int. J. Sports Med., 12(02): 228-235.24. Kraemer W.J., K. Häkkinen, R.U. Newton, B.C. Nindl, J.S. Volek, M. McCormick, L.A. Gotshalk, S.E. Gordon, S.J. Fleck, W.W. Campbell, M. Putukian, W.J. Evans (1999) Effects of heavy-resistance training on hormon­al response patterns in younger vs. older men. J. Appl. Physiol., 87(3): 982-992.25. Kraemer W.J., L. Marchitelli, S.E. Gordon, E. Har­man, J.E. Dziados, R. Mello, P. Frykman, D. McCurry, S.J. Fleck (1990) Hormonal and growth factor responses to heavy resistance exercise protocols. J. Appl. Physiol., 69(4): 1442-1450.26. Lee N.-H., C.-G. Son (2011) Systematic review of ran­domized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of ginseng. J. Acupunct. Meridian Stud., 4(2): 85-97.27. McNaughton L., G. Egan, G. Caelli (1989) A compari­son of Chinese and Russian ginseng as ergogenic aids to improve various facets of physical fitness. Int. Clin. Nutr. Rev., 9(1): 32-35.28. Morris A.C., I. Jacobs, T.M. McLellan, A. Klugerman, L.C. Wang, J. Zamecnik (1996) No ergogenic effect of ginseng ingestion. Int. J. Sport Nutr., 6(3): 263-271.10.1123/ijsn.6.3.26329. Onanong Kulaputana M. (2007) Ginseng supplemen­tation does not change lactate threshold and physicalperformances in physically active Thai men. J. Med. As­soc. Thai., 90(6): 1172-1179.30. Ping F.W.C., C.C. Keong, A. Bandyopadhyay (2011) Ef­fects of acute supplementation of Panax ginseng on en­durance running in a hot & humid environment. Indian J. Med. Res., 133(1): 96.31. Stone M.H. (1995) Literature review: Human Growth Hormone: Physiological Functions and Ergogenic Effi­cacy. Strength Cond. J., 17(4): 72-74.10.1519/1073-6840(1995)017<0072:HGHPFA>2.3.CO;232. Takamura Y., Y. Makanae, S. Ato, N. Yoshii, K. Ki­do, M. Nomura, A. Uchiyama, N. Shiozawa, S. Fujita (2016) Panaxatriol derived from ginseng augments resist­ance exercised-induced protein synthesis via mTORC1 signaling in rat skeletal muscle. Nutr. Res., 36(11): 1193-1201.10.1016/j.nutres.2016.09.00233. Thompson P.D., B.A. Franklin, G.J. Balady, S.N. Blair, D. Corrado, N.M. Estes, J.E. Fulton, N.F. Gordon, W.L. Haskell, M.S. Link, B.J. Maron, M.A. Mittleman, A. Pelliccia, N.K. Wenger, S.N. Willich, F. Costa (2007) Exercise and acute cardiovascular events. Circulation, 115(17): 2358-2368.34. Vogler B., M. Pittler, E. Ernst (1999) The efficacy of gin­seng. A systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 55(8): 567-575.35. Wong C.P.F., A. Bandyopadhyay, C.K. Chen (2011) Ef­fects of Panax ginseng supplementation on physiol­ogy responses during endurance performance. J. Mens Health, 8: S78-S80.

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Biomedical Human Kineticsde Gruyter

Published: Jan 30, 2018

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