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Spatial Hotspot Analysis of Bucharest’s Urban Heat Island (UHI) Using Modis Data

Spatial Hotspot Analysis of Bucharest’s Urban Heat Island (UHI) Using Modis Data AbstractThe aim of the study is to find the relationship between the land surface temperature and air temperature and to determine the hot spots in the urban area of Bucharest, the capital of Romania. The analysis was based on images from both moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS), located on both Terra and Aqua platforms, as well as on data recorded by the four automatic weather stations existing in the endowment of The National Air Quality Monitoring Network, from the summer of 2017. Correlation coefficients between land surface temperature and air temperature were higher at night (0.8-0.87) and slightly lower during the day (0.71-0.77). After the validation of satellite data with in-situ temperature measurements, the hot spots in the metropolitan area of Bucharest were identified using Getis-Ord spatial statistics analysis. It has been achieved that the “very hot” areas are grouped in the center of the city and along the main traffic streets and dense residential areas. During the day the "very hot spots” represent 33.2% of the city's surface, and during the night 31.6%. The area where the mentioned spots persist, falls into the "very hot spot" category both day and night, it represents 27.1% of the city’s surface and it is mainly represented by the city center. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Valahia University of Targoviste, Geographical Series de Gruyter

Spatial Hotspot Analysis of Bucharest’s Urban Heat Island (UHI) Using Modis Data

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2018 Georgiana Grigoraș, published by Sciendo
eISSN
2393-1493
DOI
10.2478/avutgs-2018-0002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThe aim of the study is to find the relationship between the land surface temperature and air temperature and to determine the hot spots in the urban area of Bucharest, the capital of Romania. The analysis was based on images from both moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS), located on both Terra and Aqua platforms, as well as on data recorded by the four automatic weather stations existing in the endowment of The National Air Quality Monitoring Network, from the summer of 2017. Correlation coefficients between land surface temperature and air temperature were higher at night (0.8-0.87) and slightly lower during the day (0.71-0.77). After the validation of satellite data with in-situ temperature measurements, the hot spots in the metropolitan area of Bucharest were identified using Getis-Ord spatial statistics analysis. It has been achieved that the “very hot” areas are grouped in the center of the city and along the main traffic streets and dense residential areas. During the day the "very hot spots” represent 33.2% of the city's surface, and during the night 31.6%. The area where the mentioned spots persist, falls into the "very hot spot" category both day and night, it represents 27.1% of the city’s surface and it is mainly represented by the city center.

Journal

Annals of Valahia University of Targoviste, Geographical Seriesde Gruyter

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References