AbstractThis study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical efficacy of serum soluble triggering receptors expressed by myeloid cell-1 (sTREM-1), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and lactic acid (Lac) as biomarkers for death risk within 28 days in patients with severe sepsis. Fifty-one cases of severe sepsis from the department of ICU in Lishui People’s Hospital from May 2013 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. These cases were divided into survival (n=39) and death (n=12) groups based on the outcome within 28 days of treatment. Serum levels of sTREM-1, PCT, CRP and Lac were measured on the day of admission and compared between the survival and death groups. And the death prediction value within 28 days were evaluated according to serum sTREM-1, PCT, CRP and Lac. The serum level of TREM-1 and Lac were 128.70±46.10 pg/mL, 7.02±1.56 mmol/L for the death group and 83.69±26.57 pg/mL 4.44±0.45 mmol/L for survival group. The serum levels of sTREM-1 and Lac in death group were significantly higher than those of survival group (p<0.05). However, the serum PCT and CRP between the survival and death group were not statistically different (p>0.05). The death prediction sensitivity, specificity and AUC within 28 days were high for serum sTREM-1 (75.00%, 77.78%, 0.79) and APACHEII (74.89%, 84.62%, 0.84). However, the prediction value of serum level PCT, CRP and Lac were relatively low. A significant positive correlation was found between serum sTREM-1 and APACHEII score rpearson =0.54, (p<0.001). However, no such correlation was observed between serum CRP, Lac and APACHEII scores (p>0.05).ConclusionSerum sTREM-1 was significantly elevated in sepsis patients who died within 28 days of admission, suggesting that this test could be a potential biomarker for severe sepsis patients, and also be used for prognostic evaluation.
Open Life Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Apr 6, 2018
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