AbstractTo compare preoperative intestinal trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) and calgizzarin (S100-A11) serum levels in patients with endometrial cancer, endometrial hyperplasia and in healthy female controls. Serum levels of TFF3, S100- A11 and AIP-1 were analyzed in 98 consecutive patients with histologically verified endometrial cancer, in 43 patients with endometrial hyperplasia diagnosed during hysteroscopy and 24 controls with benign disease. Results were correlated with urinary neopterin/creatinine ratio, serum kynurenine, tryptophan, retinol, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin D, citrulline, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and clinical characteristics. S100-A11, and AIF-1 levels were higher in endometrial hyperplasia patients than in controls, and also significantly higher in endometrial cancer than in patients with endometrial hyperplasia. Serum concentrations of TFF3 and S100-A11 were associated with tumor stage and lymph node status. TFF3 exhibited positive correlation with age, IL-6, vitamin D, kynurenine, urinary neopterin/creatinine ratio and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio. S100-A11, as well as AIF-1 correlated positively with Il-6 and TFF3. TFF3, S100-A11 and AIF-1 represent potential biomarkers in patients with endometrial cancer. TFF3 and S100-A11 increase with tumor stage and lymph node involvement, reflecting higher tumor mass that is also associated with increased concentration of biomarkers of immune dysfunction.
Pteridines – de Gruyter
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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