Search for new biomarkers of pediatric multiple sclerosis: application of immunoglobulin free light chain analysis

Search for new biomarkers of pediatric multiple sclerosis: application of immunoglobulin free... AbstractBackground:Identifying new biomarkers is needed to overcome the diagnostic difficulties of pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS). Recently, we developed a new technique including CSF analysis of free light chain (FLC) monomers and dimers, which can improve diagnosis of adult MS. The present study has been designed to evaluate the utility of our technique for MS diagnosis in children.Methods:Patients with MS (n=21) and non-MS demyelinating or inflammatory neurological disorders (n=35) participated in the study. MS diagnosis was based on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. Western blot analysis was applied to examine FLC in the patients’ CSF and serum. FLC indices for FLC monomer and dimer levels and κ/λ ratios were estimated. The samples were also analyzed by oligoclonality test.Results:The study revealed abnormally elevated levels of κ-FLC monomers and dimers in the CSF of 10 MS patients (“κ-type MS”). Increased amounts of λ dimers were found in six MS cases (“λ-type MS”), while high levels of both κ and λ FLC (“mixed type MS”) were documented in three MS cases. MRI and clinical assessment showed a more aggressive disease form for the “mixed” and “λ-type” cases. Our method demonstrated higher sensitivity (90.5%) and specificity (91.4%) for discrimination between MS and non-MS patients, as compared to oligoclonality test (81% and 65.7%, respectively).Conclusions:The proposed method may significantly contribute to diagnosis and prognosis of pediatric MS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) de Gruyter

Search for new biomarkers of pediatric multiple sclerosis: application of immunoglobulin free light chain analysis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/degruyter/search-for-new-biomarkers-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-application-rXSgN1CTC0
Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
1437-4331
eISSN
1437-4331
D.O.I.
10.1515/cclm-2017-0911
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractBackground:Identifying new biomarkers is needed to overcome the diagnostic difficulties of pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS). Recently, we developed a new technique including CSF analysis of free light chain (FLC) monomers and dimers, which can improve diagnosis of adult MS. The present study has been designed to evaluate the utility of our technique for MS diagnosis in children.Methods:Patients with MS (n=21) and non-MS demyelinating or inflammatory neurological disorders (n=35) participated in the study. MS diagnosis was based on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. Western blot analysis was applied to examine FLC in the patients’ CSF and serum. FLC indices for FLC monomer and dimer levels and κ/λ ratios were estimated. The samples were also analyzed by oligoclonality test.Results:The study revealed abnormally elevated levels of κ-FLC monomers and dimers in the CSF of 10 MS patients (“κ-type MS”). Increased amounts of λ dimers were found in six MS cases (“λ-type MS”), while high levels of both κ and λ FLC (“mixed type MS”) were documented in three MS cases. MRI and clinical assessment showed a more aggressive disease form for the “mixed” and “λ-type” cases. Our method demonstrated higher sensitivity (90.5%) and specificity (91.4%) for discrimination between MS and non-MS patients, as compared to oligoclonality test (81% and 65.7%, respectively).Conclusions:The proposed method may significantly contribute to diagnosis and prognosis of pediatric MS.

Journal

Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)de Gruyter

Published: Jun 27, 2018

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off