Rule-out of non-ST elevation myocardial infarction by five point of care cardiac troponin assays according to the 0 h/3 h algorithm of the European Society of Cardiology

Rule-out of non-ST elevation myocardial infarction by five point of care cardiac troponin assays... AbstractBackground:Point of care (POC) assays for cardiac troponins I or T (cTnI or cTnT) may accelerate the diagnosis of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, their clinical utility according to the 0 h/3 h algorithm recommended by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) for non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is unknown.Methods:Blood samples from 90 patients with suspected ACS were obtained at hospital admission and 3 h later. Concentrations of cTn were determined using five POC assays (AQT90 FLEX cTnI and cTnT; PATHFAST™ cTnI; Stratus CS 200 cTnI; and Triage MeterPro cTnI) and two guideline-acceptable high-sensitivity (hs) immunoassays.Results:For the diagnosis of NSTEMI (n=15), AUCs for Abbott hs-cTnI and Roche hs-cTnT were 0.86 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.75–0.96] and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.80–0.95), respectively, at admission, and 0.96 and 0.94, respectively, 3 h later. With the 99th percentile cutoff, their sensitivities were 62% and 92%, respectively, at admission, and 77% and 100%, respectively, 3 h later. The PATHFAST™ cTnI assay showed AUCs of 0.90 (95% CI, 0.82–0.97) and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.89–1.00), respectively, and sensitivities of 67% and 75% at admission and 3 h later, respectively. The other cTn POC assays had AUCs of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.53–0.89) to 0.84 (95% CI, 0.71–0.96) and 0.86 (95% CI, 0.72–0.99) to 0.87 (95% CI, 0.75–0.99) and sensitivities of 39%–50% and 62%–77% at admission and 3 h later, respectively.Conclusions:PATHFAST™ cTnI assay proved itself as comparable to ESC-guideline acceptable hs-cTn assays. The lower sensitivity of the other POC assays limits their clinical utility and would require longer follow-up monitoring of patients for the safe NSTEMI rule-out. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) de Gruyter

Rule-out of non-ST elevation myocardial infarction by five point of care cardiac troponin assays according to the 0 h/3 h algorithm of the European Society of Cardiology

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Publisher
De Gruyter
Copyright
©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
1437-4331
eISSN
1437-4331
D.O.I.
10.1515/cclm-2017-0486
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractBackground:Point of care (POC) assays for cardiac troponins I or T (cTnI or cTnT) may accelerate the diagnosis of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, their clinical utility according to the 0 h/3 h algorithm recommended by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) for non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is unknown.Methods:Blood samples from 90 patients with suspected ACS were obtained at hospital admission and 3 h later. Concentrations of cTn were determined using five POC assays (AQT90 FLEX cTnI and cTnT; PATHFAST™ cTnI; Stratus CS 200 cTnI; and Triage MeterPro cTnI) and two guideline-acceptable high-sensitivity (hs) immunoassays.Results:For the diagnosis of NSTEMI (n=15), AUCs for Abbott hs-cTnI and Roche hs-cTnT were 0.86 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.75–0.96] and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.80–0.95), respectively, at admission, and 0.96 and 0.94, respectively, 3 h later. With the 99th percentile cutoff, their sensitivities were 62% and 92%, respectively, at admission, and 77% and 100%, respectively, 3 h later. The PATHFAST™ cTnI assay showed AUCs of 0.90 (95% CI, 0.82–0.97) and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.89–1.00), respectively, and sensitivities of 67% and 75% at admission and 3 h later, respectively. The other cTn POC assays had AUCs of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.53–0.89) to 0.84 (95% CI, 0.71–0.96) and 0.86 (95% CI, 0.72–0.99) to 0.87 (95% CI, 0.75–0.99) and sensitivities of 39%–50% and 62%–77% at admission and 3 h later, respectively.Conclusions:PATHFAST™ cTnI assay proved itself as comparable to ESC-guideline acceptable hs-cTn assays. The lower sensitivity of the other POC assays limits their clinical utility and would require longer follow-up monitoring of patients for the safe NSTEMI rule-out.

Journal

Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM)de Gruyter

Published: Mar 28, 2018

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