AbstractBackground:Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)/prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD)-containing proteins are involved in renal adaptive response to high salt (HS). Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARα), a transcription factor involved in fatty acid oxidation is implicated in the regulation of renal function. As both HIF-1α/PHD and PPARα contribute to the adaptive changes to altered oxygen tension, this study tested the hypothesis that PHD-induced renal adaptive response to HS is PPARα-dependent.Methods:PPARα wild type (WT) and knock out (KO) mice were fed a low salt (LS) (0.03% NaCl) or a HS (8% NaCl) diet for 8 days and treated with hydralazine. PPARα and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression were evaluated in the kidney cortex and medulla. A 24-h urinary volume (UV), sodium excretion (UNaV), and nitrite excretion (UNOx V) were also determined.Results:PHD1 expression was greater in the medulla as compared to the cortex of PPARα WT mice (p<0.05) fed with a LS (0.03% NaCl) diet. The HS diet (8% NaCl) downregulated PHD1 expression in the medulla (p<0.05) but not the cortex of WT mice whereas expression was downregulated in the cortex (p<0.05) and medulla (p<0.05) of KO mice. These changes were accompanied by HS-induced diuresis (p<0.05) and natriuresis (p<0.05) that were greater in WT mice (p<0.05). Similarly, UNOx V, index of renal nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity or availability and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression was greater in WT (p<0.05) but unchanged in KO mice on HS diet. Hydralazine, a PHD inhibitor, did not affect diuresis or natriuresis in LS diet-fed WT or KO mice but both were increased (p<0.05) in HS diet-fed WT mice. Hydralazine also increased UNOx V (p<0.05) with no change in diuresis, natriuresis, or HO-1 expression in KO mice on HS diet.Conclusions:These data suggest that HS-induced PPARα-mediated downregulation of PHD1 is a novel pathway for PHD/HIF-1α transcriptional regulation for adaptive responses to promote renal function via downstream signaling involving NOS and HO.
Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology – de Gruyter
Published: Mar 28, 2018
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