AbstractBackground:Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) gene variants have achieved limited success in predicting the outcome of thiopurine therapy, which shows wide inter-individual variations. The literature indicates a strong association between the NUDT15 gene variant and thiopurine-induced toxicity in Asian patients. The present study intends to explore the role of the NUDT15 variant (C415T) in Indian patients on thiopurine therapy.Methods:NUDT15 and TPMT genotyping were performed using amplification-refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) and the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique.Results:Of 370 samples received for TPMT testing, 206 samples were available for NUDT15 genotyping. The NUDT15 risk allele frequency was 10.7%, with the frequency of wild, heterozygous and mutant genotypes being 80.6%, 17.5% and 1.9%, respectively. TPMT variants were seen in 13 of 370 (3.5%) patients, whereas the NUDT15 variant was seen in 40 of 206 (19.4%) patients. Thiopurine-induced toxicity information was available for 101 patients, among whom 10 developed leukopenia and all harbored the NUDT15 variant (p<0.0001). NUDT15 was clinically more relevant than TPMT in terms of sensitivity and specificity, as well as with a statistically significant difference in thiopurine dose requirement for patients with the NUDT15 variant.Conclusions:A preemptive NUDT15 genotyping approach can therefore help identify high-risk patients (NUDT15 C415T positive) who could benefit from thiopurine dose reduction, thereby preventing fatal thiopurine-induced toxicity.
Drug Metabolism and Drug Interactions – de Gruyter
Published: Mar 28, 2018
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