Predictors of bone maturation, growth rate and adult height in children with central precocious puberty treated with depot leuprolide acetate

Predictors of bone maturation, growth rate and adult height in children with central precocious... AbstractBackground:Children with central precocious puberty (CPP) are treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) to suppress puberty. Optimizing treatment outcomes continues to be studied. The relationships between growth, rate of bone maturation (bone age/chronological age [ΔBA/ΔCA]), luteinizing hormone (LH), predicted adult stature (PAS), as well as variables influencing these outcomes, were studied in children treated with depot leuprolide (LA Depot)Methods:Subjects (64 girls, seven boys) with CPP received LA Depot every 3 months for up to 42 months. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to examine the predictors affecting ΔBA/ΔCA, PAS and growth rate.Results:Ninety percent of subjects (18 of 20) were suppressed (LH levels <4 IU/L) at 42 months. Over 42 months, the mean growth rate declined 2 cm/year, the mean BA/CA ratio decreased 0.21 and PAS increased 8.90 cm for girls (n=64). PAS improved to mid-parental height (MPH) in 46.2% of children by 30 months of treatment. Regression analysis showed that only the Body Mass Index Standardized Score (BMI SDS) was significantly associated (β+0.378 and +0.367, p≤0.05) with growth rate. For PAS, significant correlations were with MPH (β+0.808 and +0.791, p<0.001) and ΔBA/ΔCA (β+0.808 and +0.791, p<0.001). For ΔBA/ΔCA, a significant association was found only with BA at onset of treatment (β−0.098 and −0.103, p≤0.05). Peak-stimulated or basal LH showed no significant influence on growth rate, ΔBA/ΔCA or PAS.Conclusions:Growth rate and bone maturation rate normalized on treatment with LA Depot. LH levels were not significantly correlated with growth rate, ΔBA/ΔCA or PAS, suggesting that suppression was adequate and variations in gonadotropin levels were below the threshold affecting outcomes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism de Gruyter

Predictors of bone maturation, growth rate and adult height in children with central precocious puberty treated with depot leuprolide acetate

Loading next page...
 
/lp/degruyter/predictors-of-bone-maturation-growth-rate-and-adult-height-in-children-SN57O8pqN0
Publisher
De Gruyter
Copyright
©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
2191-0251
eISSN
2191-0251
D.O.I.
10.1515/jpem-2017-0523
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractBackground:Children with central precocious puberty (CPP) are treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) to suppress puberty. Optimizing treatment outcomes continues to be studied. The relationships between growth, rate of bone maturation (bone age/chronological age [ΔBA/ΔCA]), luteinizing hormone (LH), predicted adult stature (PAS), as well as variables influencing these outcomes, were studied in children treated with depot leuprolide (LA Depot)Methods:Subjects (64 girls, seven boys) with CPP received LA Depot every 3 months for up to 42 months. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to examine the predictors affecting ΔBA/ΔCA, PAS and growth rate.Results:Ninety percent of subjects (18 of 20) were suppressed (LH levels <4 IU/L) at 42 months. Over 42 months, the mean growth rate declined 2 cm/year, the mean BA/CA ratio decreased 0.21 and PAS increased 8.90 cm for girls (n=64). PAS improved to mid-parental height (MPH) in 46.2% of children by 30 months of treatment. Regression analysis showed that only the Body Mass Index Standardized Score (BMI SDS) was significantly associated (β+0.378 and +0.367, p≤0.05) with growth rate. For PAS, significant correlations were with MPH (β+0.808 and +0.791, p<0.001) and ΔBA/ΔCA (β+0.808 and +0.791, p<0.001). For ΔBA/ΔCA, a significant association was found only with BA at onset of treatment (β−0.098 and −0.103, p≤0.05). Peak-stimulated or basal LH showed no significant influence on growth rate, ΔBA/ΔCA or PAS.Conclusions:Growth rate and bone maturation rate normalized on treatment with LA Depot. LH levels were not significantly correlated with growth rate, ΔBA/ΔCA or PAS, suggesting that suppression was adequate and variations in gonadotropin levels were below the threshold affecting outcomes.

Journal

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolismde Gruyter

Published: Jun 27, 2018

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off