AbstractBackground:Children with central precocious puberty (CPP) are treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) to suppress puberty. Optimizing treatment outcomes continues to be studied. The relationships between growth, rate of bone maturation (bone age/chronological age [ΔBA/ΔCA]), luteinizing hormone (LH), predicted adult stature (PAS), as well as variables influencing these outcomes, were studied in children treated with depot leuprolide (LA Depot)Methods:Subjects (64 girls, seven boys) with CPP received LA Depot every 3 months for up to 42 months. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to examine the predictors affecting ΔBA/ΔCA, PAS and growth rate.Results:Ninety percent of subjects (18 of 20) were suppressed (LH levels <4 IU/L) at 42 months. Over 42 months, the mean growth rate declined 2 cm/year, the mean BA/CA ratio decreased 0.21 and PAS increased 8.90 cm for girls (n=64). PAS improved to mid-parental height (MPH) in 46.2% of children by 30 months of treatment. Regression analysis showed that only the Body Mass Index Standardized Score (BMI SDS) was significantly associated (β+0.378 and +0.367, p≤0.05) with growth rate. For PAS, significant correlations were with MPH (β+0.808 and +0.791, p<0.001) and ΔBA/ΔCA (β+0.808 and +0.791, p<0.001). For ΔBA/ΔCA, a significant association was found only with BA at onset of treatment (β−0.098 and −0.103, p≤0.05). Peak-stimulated or basal LH showed no significant influence on growth rate, ΔBA/ΔCA or PAS.Conclusions:Growth rate and bone maturation rate normalized on treatment with LA Depot. LH levels were not significantly correlated with growth rate, ΔBA/ΔCA or PAS, suggesting that suppression was adequate and variations in gonadotropin levels were below the threshold affecting outcomes.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism – de Gruyter
Published: Jun 27, 2018
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