AbstractThis study aims to examine photophysiological and osmotic responses in seedlings of the seagrass Enhalus acoroides after exposure to different salinity levels. Seagrass seedlings were grown for 20 days in control (salinity 30), hyposaline (salinity 10 and 20) and hypersaline (salinity 40 and 50) conditions. The present study showed that both hypo- and hypersaline conditions affected the photophysiology of E. acoroides seedlings, reducing the maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) and total chlorophyll content. The photosynthetic system appeared to be more sensitive to hyposaline than to hypersaline conditions as shown by immediate declines in Fv/Fm and total chlorophyll content. Hyposaline conditions increased the water content in roots. The increase in tissue Na+ content induced by hypersalinity did not affect photosynthetic integrity and was more pronounced in leaves than in roots. It is concluded that the ionic homeostasis of E. acoroides seedlings is less affected by short-term hypersalinity than by hyposalinity. The K+/Na+ ratios in leaves with hypersalinity decreased by 20 days after treatment. Additionally, the photosynthetic efficiency (Fv/Fm and total chlorophyll content) is highly sensitive to salinity shifts and can be used as a marker for short-term acclimation to salinity stress in this seagrass species.
Botanica Marina – de Gruyter
Published: Jun 27, 2018
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