AbstractEndoplasmic reticulum stress is one of the mechanisms of cell apoptosis. In this study, the mechanism of oxymatrine-induced human esophageal cancer Eca-109 cell apoptosis by the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway was investigated. Eca-109 cells were cultured in vitro with different doses of oxymatrine (0.5, 1, 2 μg/mL) for 48 h. The cell viability and proliferation inhibition rate were examined by MTT assay and cell cycle assay. The apoptosis rate was examined by Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide assay. The expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress markers, including binding immunoglobulin protein and CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein homologous protein, were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. MTT data showed that oxymatrine significantly inhibited the proliferation of Eca-109 cells. The cell apoptosis rate was quantified by flow cytometry. The expression of binding immunoglobulin protein was markedly downregulated in oxymatrine-treated Eca-109 cells while that of CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein homologous protein was upregulated. Oxymatrine inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of human esophageal carcinoma Eca-109 cells. Thus, oxymatrine may be a potential agent for treating human esophageal cancer.
Open Life Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Apr 23, 2018
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