In this issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Pain Lena Sandin Wranker and co-workers  describe part of a survey of health and quality of life in older adult citizens living at home or in a nursing home in Sweden – the Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care (SNAC-Blekinge). Their sample comprised 1402 persons aged 60–96 years, of whom 769 (55%) reported pain. Thus, they confirm that there is a high prevalence of chronic pain in the Nordic countries and that pain is more frequent in females than in males [2,3,4,5]. This difference is present from puberty and it increases with age, markedly so in the older adults (Fig. 1 ).Fig. 1Prevalence of chronic pain in Norway. Data from the National Health Survey in Norway 2005 .1Why are women more prone to suffer from chronic pain than men?This gender-related difference has many possible explanations. Compared with men, women are more often depressed, and depression and chronic pain are associated, although it is not always clear which one comes first .Testosterone has profound effectsoncentral controlofpain sensitivity and pain tolerance in both genders . Thus, the different levels of testosterone in males and females may partly explain the higher occurrence
Scandinavian Journal of Pain – de Gruyter
Published: Oct 1, 2014
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