AbstractThis study aimed to investigate the mechanism of lncRNA-KCNQ1OT1 on macrophage polarization to ameliorate particle-induced osteolysis. We used polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to induce primary bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) obtained from mice and the RAW264.7 cell line, and found that the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) concentration and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression was increased, while interleukin (IL)-10 concentration and Arg1 expression were decreased in PMMA-induced cells. KCNQ1OT1 and IL-10 expression were both suppressed and miR-21a-5p expression was promoted in PMMA-induced cells. Overexpression of KCNQ1OT1 reversed the effect of PMMA on RAW264.7 cells, such as the reduced TNF-α concentration and iNOS expression, and increased IL-10 concentration and Arg1 expression in PMMA-induced cell transfected with pcDNA-KCNQ1OT1. The luciferase assay confirmed that IL-10 is a target of miR-21a-5p. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down experiments demonstrated that KCNQ1OT1 functions as a miR-21a-5p decoy. Thus, lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 induces M2 macrophage polarization to ameliorate particle-induced osteolysis by inhibiting miR-21a-5p.
Biological Chemistry – de Gruyter
Published: Mar 28, 2018
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