AbstractIntroductionOffset analgesia (OA) is a temporal perceptual mechanism in which subjective pain ratings decrease disproportionally when a noxious heat stimulus is decreased by 1–3 ◦C. Whether OA is a peripheral, spinal or supraspinal mechanism remains unknown. The stimulation of afferent nociceptors in the foot, leads to a spinal nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR) which is mediated through the wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons and therefore under descending control. We hypothesized that OA affects the spinal nociceptive neurons resulting in an attenuation of the NWR during OA.MethodsFour heat stimulations profiles were applied to the lower legs divided into four segments of 5 s, 5 s, 5 s, and 15 s, respectively: Offset Analgesia Trial (OAT) (48, 49, 48, 48 ◦C), Offset Baseline Trial (OBT) (48, 49, 32, 32 ◦C), Constant Heat Trial (CHT) (4 × 48 ◦C), and Baseline Trial (BT) (4 × 32 ◦C). Subjects rated the pain intensity continuously using a visual analog scale (VAS). NWR were evoked by electrical stimulation of the plantar foot and assessed once during each segment by recording EMG from the tibialis anterior muscle.ResultsVAS-ratings were lower during the third period of OAT compared to CHT (p < 0.001). However, there was no difference (p > 0.05) comparing the NWR size between OAT, OBT, CHT, and BT throughout the time periods.ConclusionsThe NWR was not affected by OA suggesting that spinal WDR plays a limited role in the OA mechanism. Whether peripheral- or supraspinal mechanisms are responsible the OA phenomenon remains unknown.
Scandinavian Journal of Pain – de Gruyter
Published: Jul 1, 2014
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera