AbstractAimsTo evaluate the effect of widespread pain sensitization on postural stability during quiet standing tasks in patients with knee osteoarthritis.MethodsPatients (56) stood quietly on a force platform for 1 min in 4 conditions (each repeated 3 times): (i) firm surface (FS) with open eyes (OE), (ii) FS with closed eyes (CE), (iii) soft foam surface (SS) with OE, and (iv) SS with CE. Postural stability was quantified by Center of Pressure (CoP) variables extracted from the force platform. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), were assessed bilaterally with a handheld pressure algometer (1 cm2 probe) at: (i) four sites in the knee region (3 cm medial to the midpoint of the medial edge of the patella; 2 cm proximal to the superior edge of the patella; 3 cm lateral to the mid-point of the lateral edge of the patella; and centre of the patella), (ii) tibialis anterior muscle, and (iii) extensor carpi radialis longus muscle. The PPT values from tibialis anterior and extensor carpi radialis longus muscles were used to divide the patients in high and low sensitization groups (two-steps clustering).ResultsPPT values at bilateral knees sites were lower in the high sensitivity [median (range) of all sites: 423 (153, 1129) kPa] compared with low sensitivity group [822 (305, 2051) kPa] (P < 0.05). CoP range in the anterior–posterior direction was reduced in high sensitivity group (41±16 mm) compared with the low sensitivity group (51±16 mm) during the SS with CE (P < 0.05) condition.ConclusionsThe lower CoP Range suggests stiffer postural strategy in patients with higher widespread pain sensitivity compared with low sensitivity patients during sensory restrictions. The lack of mobility found in high sensitivity patients under such restrictions might be related to the impaired integration of sensory information due to the parallel processing of the nociceptive information.
Scandinavian Journal of Pain – de Gruyter
Published: Jul 1, 2017
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