In vitro reconstitution and biochemical characterization of human phospholipid scramblase 3: phospholipid specificity and metal ion binding studies

In vitro reconstitution and biochemical characterization of human phospholipid scramblase 3:... AbstractHuman phospholipid scramblase 3 (hPLSCR3) is a single pass transmembrane protein that plays a vital role in fat metabolism, mitochondrial function, structure, maintenance and apoptosis. The mechanism of action of scramblases remains still unknown, and the role of scramblases in phospholipid translocation is heavily debated. hPLSCR3 is the only member of scramblase family localized to mitochondria and is involved in cardiolipin translocation at the mitochondrial membrane. Direct biochemical evidence of phospholipid translocation by hPLSCR3 is yet to be reported. Functional assay in synthetic proteoliposomes upon Ca2+ and Mg2+ revealed that, apart from cardiolipin, recombinant hPLSCR3 translocates aminophospholipids such as NBD-PE and NBD-PS but not neutral phospholipids. Point mutation in hPLSCR3 (F258V) resulted in decreased Ca2+ binding affinity. Functional assay with F258V-hPLSCR3 led to ~50% loss in scramblase activity in the presence of Ca2+ and Mg2+. Metal ion-induced conformational changes were monitored by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence, circular dichroism, surface hydrophobicity changes and aggregation studies. Our results revealed that Ca2+ and Mg2+ bind to hPLSCR3 and trigger conformational changes mediated by aggregation. In summary, we suggest that the metal ion-induced conformational change and the aggregation of the protein are essential for the phospholipid translocation by hPLSCR3. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biological Chemistry de Gruyter

In vitro reconstitution and biochemical characterization of human phospholipid scramblase 3: phospholipid specificity and metal ion binding studies

Loading next page...
 
/lp/degruyter/in-vitro-reconstitution-and-biochemical-characterization-of-human-69nW1lzsIZ
Publisher
De Gruyter
Copyright
©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
1437-4315
eISSN
1437-4315
D.O.I.
10.1515/hsz-2017-0309
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractHuman phospholipid scramblase 3 (hPLSCR3) is a single pass transmembrane protein that plays a vital role in fat metabolism, mitochondrial function, structure, maintenance and apoptosis. The mechanism of action of scramblases remains still unknown, and the role of scramblases in phospholipid translocation is heavily debated. hPLSCR3 is the only member of scramblase family localized to mitochondria and is involved in cardiolipin translocation at the mitochondrial membrane. Direct biochemical evidence of phospholipid translocation by hPLSCR3 is yet to be reported. Functional assay in synthetic proteoliposomes upon Ca2+ and Mg2+ revealed that, apart from cardiolipin, recombinant hPLSCR3 translocates aminophospholipids such as NBD-PE and NBD-PS but not neutral phospholipids. Point mutation in hPLSCR3 (F258V) resulted in decreased Ca2+ binding affinity. Functional assay with F258V-hPLSCR3 led to ~50% loss in scramblase activity in the presence of Ca2+ and Mg2+. Metal ion-induced conformational changes were monitored by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence, circular dichroism, surface hydrophobicity changes and aggregation studies. Our results revealed that Ca2+ and Mg2+ bind to hPLSCR3 and trigger conformational changes mediated by aggregation. In summary, we suggest that the metal ion-induced conformational change and the aggregation of the protein are essential for the phospholipid translocation by hPLSCR3.

Journal

Biological Chemistryde Gruyter

Published: Mar 28, 2018

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off