Functionalized and engineered nanochannels for gas separation

Functionalized and engineered nanochannels for gas separation AbstractIn this work, we present the hydrogen selective gas separation properties of the track-etched poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) membranes, which were functionalized with a carboxylic group. Also, Palladium (Pd) nanoparticles of average diameter 5 nm were deposited for a various time on pore walls as well as on the surface of carboxylated membranes. Effect of Pd nanoparticles binding with the increase of deposition time on gas separation and selectivity was studied. For the study of surface morphology of these composite membranes and the confirmation of Pd nanoparticles binding on the surface as well as on pore walls is characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gas permeability of carboxylated membrane with increasing Pd deposition timing for hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2) was examined. From the gas permeability data of H2, CO2 and N2 gasses, it was observed that these membranes have higher permeability for H2 as compared with CO2 and N2. Selectivity of H2/CO2 and H2/N2 improves with the increased Pd nanoparticles deposition time. These membranes have effective application in the field of hydrogen based fuel cell. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pure and Applied Chemistry de Gruyter

Functionalized and engineered nanochannels for gas separation

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
©2017 IUPAC & De Gruyter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
ISSN
0033-4545
eISSN
1365-3075
D.O.I.
10.1515/pac-2017-0712
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractIn this work, we present the hydrogen selective gas separation properties of the track-etched poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) membranes, which were functionalized with a carboxylic group. Also, Palladium (Pd) nanoparticles of average diameter 5 nm were deposited for a various time on pore walls as well as on the surface of carboxylated membranes. Effect of Pd nanoparticles binding with the increase of deposition time on gas separation and selectivity was studied. For the study of surface morphology of these composite membranes and the confirmation of Pd nanoparticles binding on the surface as well as on pore walls is characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gas permeability of carboxylated membrane with increasing Pd deposition timing for hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2) was examined. From the gas permeability data of H2, CO2 and N2 gasses, it was observed that these membranes have higher permeability for H2 as compared with CO2 and N2. Selectivity of H2/CO2 and H2/N2 improves with the increased Pd nanoparticles deposition time. These membranes have effective application in the field of hydrogen based fuel cell.

Journal

Pure and Applied Chemistryde Gruyter

Published: Jun 27, 2018

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