AbstractBackgroundQuinine (QT) is an important anti-malarial drug; however, there is little information about its effects on the gut. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a therapeutic dose of QT on the healing of gastric ulcer in rats.MethodsMale Wistar rats weighing 150–200 g were divided into three groups: control rats without ulcer (group 1), ulcerated rats treated with 1 mL/kg (p.o.) normal saline (NS) (group 2), and ulcerated rats treated with 10 mg/kg (p.o.) QT (group 3). Ulcers were induced by serosal application of 80 % acetic acid to the stomach of rats anaesthetized with 50 mg/kg thiopentone sodium and treatment was given three times daily. Healing was assessed on days 3, 7 and 10 after ulcer induction by macroscopic measurement of: ulcer area, histology, lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase activity and gastric mucus secretion.ResultsAt day 3, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in ulcer areas between NS- and QT-treated rats. By day 10, however, the percentage area healed in NS treated (59.6±2.35 %) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than in QT rats (49.0±2.20 %) and clearing of inflammatory cells and re-epithelization was greater in NS-treated group. By days 7 and 10, lipid peroxidation was significantly higher in QT animals, when compared with NS-treated rats and controls (p<0.05). Superoxide dismutase activity and mucus secretion were significantly (p<0.05) higher in NS-treated than QT-treated rats.ConclusionsQT delayed ulcer healing by prolonging the inflammatory phase of healing, increasing oxidative stress, reducing antioxidant activity and gastric mucus secretion
Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine – de Gruyter
Published: Jun 29, 2017
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