Effects of quinine on gastric ulcer healing in Wistar rats

Effects of quinine on gastric ulcer healing in Wistar rats AbstractBackgroundQuinine (QT) is an important anti-malarial drug; however, there is little information about its effects on the gut. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a therapeutic dose of QT on the healing of gastric ulcer in rats.MethodsMale Wistar rats weighing 150–200 g were divided into three groups: control rats without ulcer (group 1), ulcerated rats treated with 1 mL/kg (p.o.) normal saline (NS) (group 2), and ulcerated rats treated with 10 mg/kg (p.o.) QT (group 3). Ulcers were induced by serosal application of 80 % acetic acid to the stomach of rats anaesthetized with 50 mg/kg thiopentone sodium and treatment was given three times daily. Healing was assessed on days 3, 7 and 10 after ulcer induction by macroscopic measurement of: ulcer area, histology, lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase activity and gastric mucus secretion.ResultsAt day 3, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in ulcer areas between NS- and QT-treated rats. By day 10, however, the percentage area healed in NS treated (59.6±2.35 %) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than in QT rats (49.0±2.20 %) and clearing of inflammatory cells and re-epithelization was greater in NS-treated group. By days 7 and 10, lipid peroxidation was significantly higher in QT animals, when compared with NS-treated rats and controls (p<0.05). Superoxide dismutase activity and mucus secretion were significantly (p<0.05) higher in NS-treated than QT-treated rats.ConclusionsQT delayed ulcer healing by prolonging the inflammatory phase of healing, increasing oxidative stress, reducing antioxidant activity and gastric mucus secretion http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine de Gruyter

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Publisher
De Gruyter
Copyright
© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
1553-3840
eISSN
1553-3840
D.O.I.
10.1515/jcim-2016-0132
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractBackgroundQuinine (QT) is an important anti-malarial drug; however, there is little information about its effects on the gut. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a therapeutic dose of QT on the healing of gastric ulcer in rats.MethodsMale Wistar rats weighing 150–200 g were divided into three groups: control rats without ulcer (group 1), ulcerated rats treated with 1 mL/kg (p.o.) normal saline (NS) (group 2), and ulcerated rats treated with 10 mg/kg (p.o.) QT (group 3). Ulcers were induced by serosal application of 80 % acetic acid to the stomach of rats anaesthetized with 50 mg/kg thiopentone sodium and treatment was given three times daily. Healing was assessed on days 3, 7 and 10 after ulcer induction by macroscopic measurement of: ulcer area, histology, lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase activity and gastric mucus secretion.ResultsAt day 3, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in ulcer areas between NS- and QT-treated rats. By day 10, however, the percentage area healed in NS treated (59.6±2.35 %) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than in QT rats (49.0±2.20 %) and clearing of inflammatory cells and re-epithelization was greater in NS-treated group. By days 7 and 10, lipid peroxidation was significantly higher in QT animals, when compared with NS-treated rats and controls (p<0.05). Superoxide dismutase activity and mucus secretion were significantly (p<0.05) higher in NS-treated than QT-treated rats.ConclusionsQT delayed ulcer healing by prolonging the inflammatory phase of healing, increasing oxidative stress, reducing antioxidant activity and gastric mucus secretion

Journal

Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicinede Gruyter

Published: Jun 29, 2017

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