In this issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Nina Kreddig and Monika Hasenbring report on a thought provoking study investigating whether there are sex differences in the association between pain anxiety, fear of (re)injury and pain intensity . Based on theory and empirical evidence confirming anxiety and fear as distinct emotional phenomena, they make an explicit effort in trying to distinguish between the concepts of pain-related anxiety and fear of (re) injury. The authors use two well established self-report measures, the PASS and the TSK, as representatives for each respective concept. In a cross sectional analysis, they study whether the strength of the association of these measures with levels of pain differs between the sexes. In line with previous research, they find that, for men, level of pain-related anxiety but not fear of (re) injury was related to level of pain while for women, it was the opposite way around. These results evoke some important ideas for future studies. Important areas relate to operationalization and measurement of pain related anxiety and fear as well as further theoretical development stimulating parsimonious and falsifiable hypotheses to be tested in prospective designs.The effort to distinguish between anxiety and fear has theoretical
Scandinavian Journal of Pain – de Gruyter
Published: Dec 29, 2017
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