AbstractLinear dynamic analysis of cardiovascular and respiratory time series was performed in healthy subjects with respect to gender by shifted short-term segments throughout a head-up tilt (HUT) test. Beat-to-beat intervals (BBI), systolic (SYS) and diastolic (DIA) blood pressure and respiratory interval (RESP) time series were acquired in 14 men and 15 women. In time domain (TD), the descending slope of the auto-correlation function (ACF) (BBI_a31cor) was more pronounced in women than in men (p<0.05) during the HUT test and considerably steeper (p<0.01) at the end of orthostatic phase (OP). The index SYS_meanNN was slightly but significantly lower (p<0.05) in women during the complete test, while higher respiratory frequency and variability (RESP_sdNN) were found in women (p<0.05), during 10–20 min after tilt-up. In frequency domain (FD), during baseline (BL), BBI-normalized low frequency (BBI_LFN) and BBI_LF/HF were slightly but significantly lower (p<0.05), while normalized high frequency (BBI_HFN) was significantly higher in women. These differences were highly significant from the first 5 min after tilt-up (p<0.01) and highly significant (p<0.001) during 10–14 min of OP. Findings revealed that men showed instantaneously a pronounced and sustained increase in sympathetic activity to compensate orthostatism. In women, sympathetic activity was just increased slightly with delayed onset without considerably affecting sympatho-vagal balance.
Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik – de Gruyter
Published: Mar 28, 2018
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