AbstractStarch is constituted of amylose and amylopectin. Debranching of amylopectin converts it into amylose thereby producing resistant starch which is known to be less digestible by the amylase. This study designed resistant starch using acid hydrolysis and heat-moisture treatment methods with native corn starch as the starting material. Both native and processed starches were subjected to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry and molecular weight analysis. They were nanospray-dried into nanoparticles with 5-fluorouracil as the drug of interest for colon cancer treatment. These nanoparticles were subjected to size, zeta potential, morphology, drug content and in vitro drug release analysis. Heat-moisture treatment of native corn starch enabled the formation of resistant starch through amylopectin debranching and molecular weight reduction thereby enhancing hydrogen bonding between the starch molecules at the amorphous phase and gelatinization capacity. The nanoparticles prepared from resistant starch demonstrated similar drug release as those of native starch in spite of the resistant starch had a lower molecular weight. The resistant starch is envisaged to be resistant to the digestive action of amylase in intestinal tract without the formed nanoparticles exhibiting excessively fast drug release in comparison to native starch. With reduced branching, it represents an ideal precursor for targeting ligand conjugation in design of oral colon-specific nanoparticulate drug carrier.
Pure and Applied Chemistry – de Gruyter
Published: Jun 27, 2018
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