AbstractThe efficiency and effects of enzymatic deinking using xylanase and lipase mixed with amylase (XLA) for deinking secondary fibers were investigated for mixed office waste (MOW), photocopy prints (PHOT) and old newspapers (ONP). The optical and physical properties of deinked pulps were evaluated. Changes in fiber morphology, crystallinity index and functional groups were also monitored. The results show that for non-impact prints (MOW and PHOT), a maximum deinking efficiency of 19.9 % and 13.9 % were obtained with enzymatic deinking (XLA), respectively. For ONP, conventional alkaline demonstrated the highest efficiency of 12.20 %. XLA treatment significantly improved the tensile index and tear index of MOW and PHOT but caused a slightly reduction for ONP, relative to respective blank. It was found that kink index and curl index were significantly decreased, caused a 55.6 % reduction in the kink index for PHOT and a 35.8 % reduction in the curl index for ONP. FT-IR observation show that the relative intensity of the alkaline/enzymatic-deinked pulp has changed differently according to the type of wastepaper. These results indicate the synergistic effects of xylanase, lipase and amylase making enzymatic treatment a promising method that can substitute alkaline deinking for non-impact prints.
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal – de Gruyter
Published: May 23, 2018
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