Can water temperature impact litter decomposition under pollution of copper and zinc mixture

Can water temperature impact litter decomposition under pollution of copper and zinc mixture AbstractTo better understand the impact of warming on heavy metals (HM) associated with plant litter decomposition in streams, we investigated the impact of high and low HM (Cu and Zn) levels and different water temperatures (10,15 and 20oC) on microbial decomposition of TyphaangustifoliaL.litter and the associated extracellular enzyme activities. During a 100-day incubation, changes in litter mass losses, chemical composition (lignin and total carbohydrate), and extracellular enzyme activity were determined. The decomposition rates were accelerated by the low HM levels at 20oC (0.0051 day–1 at CK vs 0.0061 day–1 at low HM levels). The negative effects of Cu and Zn on Typha litter decomposition were more pronounced at lower temperatures (10 and 15°C). The enhanced enzyme activities of cellulase and β-glucosidase and the higher lignin/litter weight loss and lignin/carbohydrate ratios were found at 20oC and low HM treatment. The enzyme activities of β-glucosidase and cellulase were positively correlated with litter mass losses at 20oC and low HM levels. These results suggest that a 5oC increase in water temperature may attenuate the inhibition of low HM level on litter decomposition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Open Chemistry de Gruyter

Can water temperature impact litter decomposition under pollution of copper and zinc mixture

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Publisher
De Gruyter Open
Copyright
© 2018 Gaozhong Pu, Xingjun Tian
ISSN
2391-5420
eISSN
2391-5420
D.O.I.
10.1515/chem-2018-0049
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractTo better understand the impact of warming on heavy metals (HM) associated with plant litter decomposition in streams, we investigated the impact of high and low HM (Cu and Zn) levels and different water temperatures (10,15 and 20oC) on microbial decomposition of TyphaangustifoliaL.litter and the associated extracellular enzyme activities. During a 100-day incubation, changes in litter mass losses, chemical composition (lignin and total carbohydrate), and extracellular enzyme activity were determined. The decomposition rates were accelerated by the low HM levels at 20oC (0.0051 day–1 at CK vs 0.0061 day–1 at low HM levels). The negative effects of Cu and Zn on Typha litter decomposition were more pronounced at lower temperatures (10 and 15°C). The enhanced enzyme activities of cellulase and β-glucosidase and the higher lignin/litter weight loss and lignin/carbohydrate ratios were found at 20oC and low HM treatment. The enzyme activities of β-glucosidase and cellulase were positively correlated with litter mass losses at 20oC and low HM levels. These results suggest that a 5oC increase in water temperature may attenuate the inhibition of low HM level on litter decomposition.

Journal

Open Chemistryde Gruyter

Published: Jun 1, 2018

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