Verb-particle constructions in Romance: A lexical-syntactic account

Verb-particle constructions in Romance: A lexical-syntactic account In this paper, we deal with some important differences between Romance verb particle constructions and Germanic ones. Despite claims to the contrary (Iacobini & Masini, Morphology 16: 155–188, 2007), we argue that Romance languages (Italian included) consistently obey the Talmian generalization that non-directional manner verbs do not coappear with non-adjunct paths in Romance. We relate this generalization to the important restriction that those verbs that enter into verb-particle constructions in Romance encode or involve Path (e.g., It. Gianni è entrato dentro lit. ‘Gianni entered inside’; Gianni è corso via ‘Gianni ran away’; Gianni ha lavato via la macchia ‘Gianni washed the stain away’); crucially, unlike Germanic, Romance does not allow verb-particle constructions where the verb encodes or involves pure manner ( John danced away; John worked his debts off ). We use Haugen's (Lingua 119: 242–262, 2009) syntactic distinction between Incorporation and Conflation to draw some relevant syntactic differences between Romance and Germanic verb-particle constructions: those ones formed via Incorporation are possible in Romance, while those ones formed via Conflation/Compounding are only possible in Germanic. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Probus - International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguistics de Gruyter

Verb-particle constructions in Romance: A lexical-syntactic account

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
©Walter de Gruyter
ISSN
0921-4771
eISSN
1613-4079
DOI
10.1515/prbs.2010.009
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this paper, we deal with some important differences between Romance verb particle constructions and Germanic ones. Despite claims to the contrary (Iacobini & Masini, Morphology 16: 155–188, 2007), we argue that Romance languages (Italian included) consistently obey the Talmian generalization that non-directional manner verbs do not coappear with non-adjunct paths in Romance. We relate this generalization to the important restriction that those verbs that enter into verb-particle constructions in Romance encode or involve Path (e.g., It. Gianni è entrato dentro lit. ‘Gianni entered inside’; Gianni è corso via ‘Gianni ran away’; Gianni ha lavato via la macchia ‘Gianni washed the stain away’); crucially, unlike Germanic, Romance does not allow verb-particle constructions where the verb encodes or involves pure manner ( John danced away; John worked his debts off ). We use Haugen's (Lingua 119: 242–262, 2009) syntactic distinction between Incorporation and Conflation to draw some relevant syntactic differences between Romance and Germanic verb-particle constructions: those ones formed via Incorporation are possible in Romance, while those ones formed via Conflation/Compounding are only possible in Germanic.

Journal

Probus - International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguisticsde Gruyter

Published: Sep 1, 2010

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