Papers in JapaneseVol. 51976-77LinguisticsTHE SPEAKER'S ATTITUDE AND THE CONDITIONALS TO, TARA, AND BA*Naomi Hanaoka McGloinThe UniversityofWisconsinIt has been observed by Kuno, Alfonso and others that the Japaneseconditionals to, tara. nara and ba make rather different claims as tohow the first clause (S ) is related to the second clause (S 2 ). In thispaper I would like to snow that the observations of Kuno and Alfonso,which only look at the relationships between two clauses, are notsufficient and that the speaker's attitude of approving or disapprovingthe contents of the protasis plays a crucial role in determining theoccurrence of to. tara and ba»In brief summary of Kuno and Alfonso's observations,consider thefollowing sentences. 1(1) Nihon e (a) iku to(b) ittara(c) iku nara(d) ikebakamera ga yasuku kaemasu yo.2'If you go to Japan/When you go to Japan, you can buy a cameracheaply.11.To connects an antecedent and a consequent that may be natural,habitual or inevitable (Alfonso 1966: 652-654). So, in (la), being ableto buy a camera is considered a logical and natural consequence ofgoing to Japan. In the following sentences, (2), (3) and (4), S 2 isconsidered as a natural, habitual and inevitable consequences of S ,181182respectively.(2) Haru ni naru to, atatakaku narimasu.'When Spring comes,
Journal of Japanese Linguistics – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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