Papers in JapaneseVol. 51976-77LinguisticsTHE SEMANTICS AND SYNTAX OF THEJAPANESE GERUNDIVE AND INFINITIVE CONJUNCTIONS*Ikuhiro TamoriUniversity0.of SouthernCaliforniaINTRODUCTIONThis paper deals with the semantics and syntax of the gerundiveform and infinitive form of verbs in Japanese. While the Englishconjunction and can serve to connect sentences as well as N P s ,Japanese has distinct lexical items on the surface: to for linking NPsand soslte for conjoining sentences. With regard to sententialconjunction, in addition to the above-mentioned soslte 'and', thereis another possible way to conjoin sentences, namely by inflectingverbs, adjectives, and nominal adjectives. I call this type of conjunction as Inflectional conjunctions. For verbs and adjectives, twoforms are available, which can serve as conjunctions: the gerundiveforms V-te and Adj. -ku-te and the infinitive forms \ M and Adj. -Jcu(cf. (1) and (2)), but the gerundive form -jie is the only possible formfor nominal adjectives (cf. (3U. 1lit-te \(1)Zyon gayamaJohn Nom Mountaine(ik-j,JMariigauml e it-tato goMaryNom sea to go-Past'John went to the mountain and Mary went to the sea'307308*, siro-ku-te.:i(2) Kono hanathisga (siro-ku,flower Nom whitejano hanaga akai.that flower Nom red'This flower is white and that flower is red'(3) Taroo ga kanemoti-de, kono khisyaTaroNom richthisno syatyoodacompany of president Copr Tarois rich and he is the president of
Journal of Japanese Linguistics – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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