The Semantics and Syntax of the Japanese Gerundive and Infinitive Conjunctions

The Semantics and Syntax of the Japanese Gerundive and Infinitive Conjunctions Papers in JapaneseVol. 51976-77LinguisticsTHE SEMANTICS AND SYNTAX OF THEJAPANESE GERUNDIVE AND INFINITIVE CONJUNCTIONS*Ikuhiro TamoriUniversity0.of SouthernCaliforniaINTRODUCTIONThis paper deals with the semantics and syntax of the gerundiveform and infinitive form of verbs in Japanese. While the Englishconjunction and can serve to connect sentences as well as N P s ,Japanese has distinct lexical items on the surface: to for linking NPsand soslte for conjoining sentences. With regard to sententialconjunction, in addition to the above-mentioned soslte 'and', thereis another possible way to conjoin sentences, namely by inflectingverbs, adjectives, and nominal adjectives. I call this type of conjunction as Inflectional conjunctions. For verbs and adjectives, twoforms are available, which can serve as conjunctions: the gerundiveforms V-te and Adj. -ku-te and the infinitive forms \ M and Adj. -Jcu(cf. (1) and (2)), but the gerundive form -jie is the only possible formfor nominal adjectives (cf. (3U. 1lit-te \(1)Zyon gayamaJohn Nom Mountaine(ik-j,JMariigauml e it-tato goMaryNom sea to go-Past'John went to the mountain and Mary went to the sea'307308*, siro-ku-te.:i(2) Kono hanathisga (siro-ku,flower Nom whitejano hanaga akai.that flower Nom red'This flower is white and that flower is red'(3) Taroo ga kanemoti-de, kono khisyaTaroNom richthisno syatyoodacompany of president Copr Tarois rich and he is the president of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Japanese Linguistics de Gruyter

The Semantics and Syntax of the Japanese Gerundive and Infinitive Conjunctions

Journal of Japanese Linguistics, Volume 5 (1-2): 54 – Jan 1, 1976

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2018 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston
eISSN
2512-1413
DOI
10.1515/jjl-1976-1-214
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Abstract

Papers in JapaneseVol. 51976-77LinguisticsTHE SEMANTICS AND SYNTAX OF THEJAPANESE GERUNDIVE AND INFINITIVE CONJUNCTIONS*Ikuhiro TamoriUniversity0.of SouthernCaliforniaINTRODUCTIONThis paper deals with the semantics and syntax of the gerundiveform and infinitive form of verbs in Japanese. While the Englishconjunction and can serve to connect sentences as well as N P s ,Japanese has distinct lexical items on the surface: to for linking NPsand soslte for conjoining sentences. With regard to sententialconjunction, in addition to the above-mentioned soslte 'and', thereis another possible way to conjoin sentences, namely by inflectingverbs, adjectives, and nominal adjectives. I call this type of conjunction as Inflectional conjunctions. For verbs and adjectives, twoforms are available, which can serve as conjunctions: the gerundiveforms V-te and Adj. -ku-te and the infinitive forms \ M and Adj. -Jcu(cf. (1) and (2)), but the gerundive form -jie is the only possible formfor nominal adjectives (cf. (3U. 1lit-te \(1)Zyon gayamaJohn Nom Mountaine(ik-j,JMariigauml e it-tato goMaryNom sea to go-Past'John went to the mountain and Mary went to the sea'307308*, siro-ku-te.:i(2) Kono hanathisga (siro-ku,flower Nom whitejano hanaga akai.that flower Nom red'This flower is white and that flower is red'(3) Taroo ga kanemoti-de, kono khisyaTaroNom richthisno syatyoodacompany of president Copr Tarois rich and he is the president of

Journal

Journal of Japanese Linguisticsde Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 1976

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